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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: LY30-5595-0 Token-Ring Network Manager Jun86
Topics: adapter, network, manager, ibm, ring, error, symbolic, message, event, press, network manager, soft...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: 6138519 DOS 3.10 Reference Feb85
Topics: command, dos, file, drive, files, diskette, disk, directory, commands, default, fixed disk, batch...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: xt :: 6361459 PC XT Technical Reference Apr84
Topics: mov, data, bios, system, note, pop, alt, jmp, set, interrupt, high intensity, system bios, mov mov,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: princOps :: SA22-7085-0 370-XA Principles of Operation Mar83
Topics: instruction, cpu, channel, address, program, subchannel, code, storage, operand, condition, channel...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: ISPF :: SC34-2047-0 VM SP System Productivity Facility Program Reference Mar81
Topics: spf, command, data, library, user, edit, member, cms, file, option, spf library, program reference,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: SF20-8136-0 IBM Study Organization Plan The Method Phase I 1963
Topics: data, activity, study, business, analyst, butodale, activities, usage, phase, resource, resource...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: SF20-8135-0 IBM Study Organization Plan The Approach 1963
Topics: study, systems, business, system, phase, activity, goals, team, sop, operations, study...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: E20-8105 IMPACT Inventory Management Program and Control Techniques 1962
Topics: inventory, order, forecast, items, cost, average, item, stock, safety, demand, safety stock, order...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: C20-8152 Flowcharting Techniques
Topics: symbol, program, flowchart, symbols, processing, figure, flowcharts, operation, cards, deduction,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: generalInfo :: IBM Thirty Years of Mangement Briefings 1958-1988