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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 4.x :: SC23-2527-03 AIX 4 Getting Started Apr96
Topics: infoexplorer, menu, window, system, aix, command, mouse, desktop, displays, select, common desktop,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: GG24-4459-00 PC DOS 7 Technical Update Feb95
Topics: dos, mov, function, device, error, file, interrupt, code, program, set, function call, issue...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: 83G9260 IBM PC DOS 7.0 Users Guide Jan95
Topics: dos, file, command, files, stacker, program, select, drive, setup, directory, dos command, central...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: G570-2221-05 IBM Enhanced 5250 Emulation Program Version 2.4 Apr94
Topics: emulation, printer, ibm, program, enhanced, keyboard, personal, adapter, host, display, emulation...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: GA23-2406-03 RISC System 6000 System Overview 7ed Oct93
Topics: ibm, risc, aix, system, adapter, model, cable, interface, scsi, disk, system unit, system overview,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: IBM DOS 6.1 Users Guide Jun93
Topics: dos, command, file, files, program, backup, directory, select, memory, disk, central point, hard...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: GG24-3892-0 Remote Initial Program Load for OS 2 and Netware Oct92
Topics: netware, ripl, file, server, ibm, rpl, boot, workstation, lan, program, netware ripl, file server,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: sna :: netview :: SC31-6016-2 NetView Customization Guide Rel 3 Aug90
Topics: command, netview, panel, data, program, network, control, code, customization, color, command list,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: DOS VS :: cobol :: SC26-6469-4 DOS VS COBOL Rel 3.1 Installation 1990
Topics: cobol, compiler, ibm, installation, cms, program, library, required, modules, storage, work file,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS ESA :: GC28-1817-1 MVS ESA Configuration Program Guide and Reference Dec89
Topics: configuration, device, mvs, program, iodevice, edt, input, code, unit, statement, mvs...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3291-1 Installation Guidelines for the IBM Token-Ring Network Products Dec89
Topics: network, lan, ibm, adapter, program, configuration, gateway, host, workstation, installation, lan...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: ZZ78-0355-0 IBM Token-Ring Gateways and Bridges Comparisons and Recommendations Nov89
Topics: gateway, lan, ibm, remote, network, host, bridge, attached, sna, program, remote bridge, lan...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: GC24-3381-0 AIX Communications Handbook Jun89
Topics: ibm, file, aix, network, host, program, system, data, command, sna, communications handbook, aix...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3398-0 IBM Multisegment LAN Design Guidelines Jun89
Topics: lan, bridge, ibm, network, manager, bridges, broadcast, program, backbone, remote, lan manager,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 374x :: GG24-1562-2 3745 Communication Controller Guide For Models 210 and 410 May89
Topics: ncp, lic, ibm, ccu, channel, adapter, modem, vtam, moss, console, channel adapter, lic type, lic...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3178-1 Local Area Networks Concepts and Products Apr89
Topics: lan, ibm, network, program, adapter, bridge, ieee, host, support, station, ibm lan, lan manager,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: apps :: DisplayWrite 5 2 :: SH21-0434-0 IBM DisplayWrite 5 2 Composer Extension Technical Reference Mar89
Topics: composer, font, ibm, character, capital, small, symbol, extension, superscript, program, composer...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3338-0 LAN Server Guide Mar89
Topics: lan, ibm, server, network, host, program, gateway, user, support, access, lan server, personal...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: apps :: DisplayWrite 5 2 :: SH21-0432-0 IBM DisplayWrite 5 2 Composer Extension Getting Started Mar89
Topics: press, composer, text, cursor, document, select, menu, stylesheet, layout, program, composer...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GC24-3338-00 LAN Server Guide Mar89
Topics: lan, ibm, server, network, host, program, gateway, user, access, support, lan server, personal...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: IBM LAN Manager 2.0 Users Guide Jan89
Topics: lan, adapter, bridge, manager, ibm, network, segment, error, functions, alert, lan manager, lan...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: IBM Personal System 2 and IBM Personal Computer Publication Reference Jan89
Topics: guide, reference, ibm, program, brochure, manual, adapter, technical, installation, presentation,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: OSME :: GC32-0009-0 VM Open Systems Message Exchange Specifications Dec88
Topics: program, ibm, licensed, message, version, ccitt, release, exchange, support, osi, licensed program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: brochures :: G360-2669-04 Personal Systems Reference Guide Nov88
Topics: ibm, adapter, model, diskette, personal, highlights, models, memory, graphics, display, diskette...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: SC30-3383-2 Local Area Network Technical Reference Nov88
Topics: adapter, command, network, program, application, netbios, data, return, buffer, address,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: 15F0383 C2 1.10 Compile Link and Run Sep88
Topics: file, program, option, error, link, library, compiler, segment, default, command, error messages,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aos :: AOS Release 2 Program Directory Sep88
Topics: ibm, system, academic, operating, prpq, program, directory, file, andrew, afs, operating system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: IBM Personal System 2 and IBM Personal Computer Product Reference Ver 4.0 Sep88
Topics: ibm, adapter, personal, program, system, network, lan, central, display, central service, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3291-0 Installation Guidelines for IBM Token Ring Network Products Sep88
Topics: network, ibm, lan, installation, adapter, program, figure, remote, configuration, gateway,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: 15F0384 C2 1.10 Fundamentals Sep88
Topics: type, function, ibm, pointer, compiler, program, variable, unsigned, storage, int, storage class,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: princOps :: SA22-7200-0 370-ESA Principles of Operation Aug88
Topics: address, instruction, channel, program, entry, control, condition, subchannel, cpu, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: 15F0256 DOS 4.0 Technical Reference Jul88
Topics: file, mov, error, device, dos, function, program, command, code, request, function call, issue...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 372x :: GA33-0086-2 3720 3721 Problem Determination Guide Jul88
Topics: console, wrap, control, communication, controller, moss, remote, power, determination, test,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC24-5239-03 VM SP Rel 6 Interpreter Jul88
Topics: string, interpreter, instruction, function, rexx, system, reference, product, command, variable,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 372x :: GA33-0066-2 3720 Communication Controllers Extended Services Jul88
Topics: function, ccu, display, address, data, test, wrap, control, error, chapter, communication...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC24-5238-04 VM SP System Product Interpreter Users Guide Release 6 Jul88
Topics: program, reading, interpreter, instruction, exec, command, cms, file, rexx, chapter, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC19-6202-05 VM SP Operators Guide Release 6 Jun88
Topics: virtual, system, operator, command, spool, machine, console, user, spooling, storage, virtual...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: GG24-3267-0 IBM PC LAN Program 1.3 Jun88
Topics: lan, program, pclp, ibm, select, user, server, application, network, installation, lan program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: ZZ05-0292-0 IBM Token-Ring Gateway Performace and Connectivity Jun88
Topics: ibm, attached, remote, performance, host, backup, attachment, gateway, supports, interface,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 372x :: GA33-0060-2 3720 3721 Communications Controllers Introduction Feb88
Topics: ibm, controller, communication, network, program, host, control, console, operator, ncp, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: 15F0377 C2 1.10 Debug 1988
Topics: codeview, command, dialog, source, example, program, expression, enter, format, displays, dialog...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: pli :: LY27-9528-0 OS PLI Version 2 Problem Determination Dec87
Topics: ibm, materials, address, control, licensed, program, dsa, code, block, offset, licensed materials,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: 3270 PC :: 74X9879 PC3270 Emulation Program Entry Level V1.21 Programmers Guide Dec87
Topics: eehllapi, host, program, string, presentation, function, data, space, programming, parameters,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: 96X5767 Token-Ring Network Trace and Performance Program Users Guide Dec87
Topics: trace, performance, facility, ibm, file, frames, program, frame, search, analysis, analysis...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: sna :: netview :: SC30-3313-1 Netview PC Application Programming Interface Communications Services V1.1 Oct87
Topics: mov, data, code, panel, error, arb, command, field, spcf, file, sample program, request code, hhhh...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0943-0 EDX 6.0 Language Programming Guide Oct87
Topics: data, program, instruction, screen, printext, set, terminal, storage, chapter, buffer, data set,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: 5363 :: SC21-9685-0 IBM System 36 - Operating Your Computer - 5363 Sep87
Topics: display, diskette, system, command, console, file, control, disk, spool, ptf, control command,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0942-0 EDX 6.0 Customization Guide Sep87
Topics: data, program, instruction, option, code, menu, operand, device, edl, error, data set, session...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0941-0 EDX 6.0 Problem Determination Guide Sep87
Topics: program, address, storage, task, analyzing, dump, enter, ipl, partition, device, program check,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0937-0 EDX 6.0 Language Reference Sep87
Topics: data, instruction, code, program, label, operand, description, statement, return, termctrl, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: princOps :: GA22-7000-10 370 Principles of Operation Sep87
Topics: instruction, cpu, code, address, storage, channel, program, operation, control, interruption,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: 00F8662 BASIC Compiler 2 Language Reference Sep87
Topics: statement, function, print, program, file, basic, string, error, ibm, format, ibm basic, statement...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-0787-0 Installing and Customizing the AIX Operating System V2.1.2 Sep87
Topics: system, aix, operating, minidisk, device, installing, customizing, press, minidisks, vrm, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0940-0 EDX 6.0 Operator Commands and Utilities Sep87
Topics: data, command, set, volume, enter, program, system, disk, device, utility, data set, data sets,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS EA :: GC28-1154-3 MVS EA Supervisor Services and Macro Instructions Jun87
Topics: macro, control, instruction, program, parameter, address, storage, virtual, addr, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS EA :: GC28-1150-3 MVS EA System Macros and Facilities Volume 1 Jun87
Topics: macro, routine, address, svc, data, code, instruction, program, key, control, macro instruction,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: 83X8882 Remote Program Load Users Guide Jun87
Topics: program, remote, adapter, ibm, load, frame, device, bootstrap, network, requesting, remote program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: GC21-9015-5 System 36 Guide to Publications Jun87
Topics: data, program, system, display, ibm, communications, manual, guide, file, remote, display station,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: GC26-4149-2 MVS EA Data Administration Jun87
Topics: data, address, macro, list, set, vtoc, parameter, equ, buffer, dscb, data set, buffer list,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: GC26-4141-2 MVS EA Data Administration Macro Instruction Reference Jun87
Topics: data, macro, operand, specifies, control, instruction, block, address, dcb, buffer, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: GC28-1154-3 MVS EA Supervisor Services and Macro Instructions Jun87
Topics: macro, control, instruction, program, parameter, address, storage, virtual, addr, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: SC21-9097-3 PC Support 36 Technical Reference Jun87
Topics: virtual, file, data, disk, personal, printer, ibm, program, transfer, computer, personal computer,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS EA :: GC26-4149-2 MVS EA Data Administration Jun87
Topics: data, address, macro, list, set, vtoc, parameter, equ, buffer, dscb, data set, buffer list,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS EA :: GC26-4141-2 MVS EA Data Administration Macro Instruction Reference Jun87
Topics: data, macro, operand, specifies, control, instruction, block, address, dcb, buffer, macro...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: GC28-1150-3 MVS EA System Macros and Facilities Volume 1 Jun87
Topics: macro, routine, address, svc, data, code, instruction, program, key, control, macro instruction,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: GA34-0133-4 Series 1 Attachment Features Storage Load Users Guide Jun87
Topics: attachment, address, dcb, data, byte, load, command, hex, storage, modifier, word command, byte...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 372x :: ce :: SY33-2039-1 3720 Service Guide May87
Topics: moss, dump, panel, file, function, scanner, display, disk, tic, service guide, selection panel,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: PS2 and IBM PC Product Reference Version 4.0 Apr87
Topics: ibm, adapter, personal, program, system, april, diskette, display, vpa, central service, vpa...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: 3270 PC :: 84X0982 3270 Workstation Program V1.0 Users Guide and Reference Apr87
Topics: program, keyboard, workstation, host, key, customization, screen, enhanced, file, press,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: dos :: 80X0945 DOS 3.30 Technical Reference Apr87
Topics: file, device, dos, error, function, command, program, contents, byte, register contents, function...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: 84X0495 IBM PC Local Area Network Program Version 1.2 Users Guide Apr87
Topics: network, lan, program, command, net, file, messages, dos, computer, printer, lan program,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: SA23-0343-0 3270 Workstation Program Programming Guide Apr87
Topics: mov, parameter, return, request, code, program, session, list, codes, parameter list, return code,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-0130 VS FORTRAN Reference Manual Mar87
Topics: statement, data, integer, fortran, statements, character, specifics, array, program, format, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: G360-0061-11 Series 1 Digest Mar87
Topics: ibm, programming, communications, attachment, system, program, data, storage, processor, realtime,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-0129 VS FORTRAN Users Guide Mar87
Topics: fortran, file, compiler, data, option, character, program, ibm, format, aix, nan nan, aix...