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The BITSAVERS.ORG Documents Library: International Business Machines

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.

The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).

Original from Wikipedia


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From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: powerpc :: dataBooks :: G5220297-00 Odyssey MCM Feb97
Topics: pci, cpu, memory, data, address, error, mcm, bus, rom, depop, pci bus, cpu bus, system memory,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 4.x :: SC23-2550-04 AIX 4.1 Installation Guide Oct96
Topics: installation, software, system, install, aix, bos, installing, version, backup, optional, aix...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 4.x :: SC23-2527-03 AIX 4 Getting Started Apr96
Topics: infoexplorer, menu, window, system, aix, command, mouse, desktop, displays, select, common desktop,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 4.x :: SC23-1924-00 AIX 4.2 Installation Guide Apr96
Topics: installation, software, system, install, aix, bos, installing, version, backup, file, aix version,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: powerpc :: PREP :: MPRZAPTSU-03 PowerPC 604 SMP Reference Design Rel 3.0 Dec95
Topics: cpu, pci, isa, powerpc, bus, address, data, memory, signal, reference design, cpu bus, cpu card,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: powerpc :: PREP :: MPRH01TSU-02 603 604 Reference Design 2.1 Aug95
Topics: pci, cpu, memory, powerpc, isa, reference, address, sio, bridge, bus, reference design, pci bus,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: powerpc :: dataBooks :: MPR650UMU-01 IBM27-82650 PowerPC to PCI Bridge Jul94
Topics: pci, cpu, address, memory, data, bus, controller, bridge, buffer, byte, bridge chip, chip set, pci...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: communications :: netview :: GG24-4207-0 A Collection of IBM LAN NetView White Papers Nov93
Topics: lan, netview, management, ibm, object, managed, managing, attributes, agents, network, lan netview,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: GA23-2406-03 RISC System 6000 System Overview 7ed Oct93
Topics: ibm, risc, aix, system, adapter, model, cable, interface, scsi, disk, system unit, system overview,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3870-0 The IBM 6611 Network Processor Dec92
Topics: network, enable, port, configuration, processor, ibm, parameters, count, protocol, routing, network...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 3.2 :: SC23-2341-5 AIX 3.2 RS6000 Installation Guide Jun92
Topics: installation, system, software, press, type, file, bos, install, network, step, installation guide,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: SMP E :: SC28-1108-09 System Modification Program Extended Messages Rel 6 Apr92
Topics: sysmod, processing, data, programmer, zone, system, error, command, entry, rerun, data set, sysmod...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: GG24-3616-0 PS2 Models 95XP486 90XP486 Fundamentals Oct90
Topics: model, ibm, system, diskette, memory, scsi, adapter, disk, data, xga, hard disk, micro channel, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 3.0 :: SC23-2198-0 Calls and Subroutines Reference Base Operating System Vol 1 Mar90
Topics: subroutine, parameter, operating, file, base, system, specifies, int, library, returns, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 3.0 :: SC23-2198-0 Calls and Subroutines Reference Base Operating System Vol 2 Mar90
Topics: subroutine, specifies, data, returns, parameter, aix, programming, operating, base, system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: rs6000 :: aix 3.0 :: SC23-2207-0 Kernel Extensions and Device Support Programming Concepts Mar90
Topics: device, kernel, system, scsi, process, data, file, driver, virtual, interrupt, device driver, file...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS ESA :: GC28-1817-1 MVS ESA Configuration Program Guide and Reference Dec89
Topics: configuration, device, mvs, program, iodevice, edt, input, code, unit, statement, mvs...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 525x :: SY31-0703-0 Twinaxial Cabling Troubleshooting Guide Nov89
Topics: twinaxial, cable, wsc, ibm, cabling, cables, ohms, devices, protectors, phase, twinaxial cable,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 525x :: SY27-0311-01 5394 Remote Control Unit Maintenance Oct89
Topics: control, cable, data, error, station, unit, host, ibm, test, display, control unit, work station,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: OS VS2 :: GC28-1027-7 Input Output Configuration Users Guide Sep89
Topics: locp, macro, channel, locds, control, unit, configuration, processor, device, lodevice, control...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: SA38-0037-00 Personal Computer Family Service Information Manual Jul89
Topics: adapter, system, memory, diskette, ibm, drive, display, option, switch, diskette drive, fixed disk,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: GC24-3381-0 AIX Communications Handbook Jun89
Topics: ibm, file, aix, network, host, program, system, data, command, sna, communications handbook, aix...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: AIX RT SNA Services May89
Topics: profile, sna, link, adapter, profiles, sdlc, ibm, type, rabbit, logical, link type, logical link,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3174 :: GA23-0313-3 3174 Models 81R 82R 91R and 92R Users Guide May89
Topics: controller, ibm, terminal, models, diskette, adapter, cabling, establishment, cable, alt,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3174 :: GA27-3850-0 3174 Establishment Controller Introduction Apr89
Topics: adapter, controller, ibm, terminal, models, model, diskette, communication, data, terminals,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: PS2 Model P70 Technical Reference Apr89
Topics: system, memory, board, ram, connector, bit, hex, adapter, diskette, system board, plasma display,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3174 :: GA23-0213-4 3174 Site Planning Mar89
Topics: terminal, cable, cabling, ibm, models, adapter, worksheet, connector, cables, terminals, site...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: PS2 Model 55 Technical Reference Feb89
Topics: system, board, pos, memory, bit, ram, address, hex, model, system board, pos register, diskette...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0939-1 EDX 6.1 Messages and Codes Feb89
Topics: system, issued, user, error, data, return, operand, invalid, xxx, codes, data set, return codes,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: AIX Brochure 1989
Topics: aix, unix, operating, ibm, system, systems, users, dos, computer, applications, unix operating,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: GA23-0059-4 3270 Data Stream Programmers Reference Dec88
Topics: data, field, structured, character, partition, query, stream, reply, display, attribute, structured...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aos :: Installing and Operating Academic Operating System 4.3 Dec88
Topics: enter, file, system, ibm, installing, disk, partition, network, diskette, root, file system, andrew...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM XA SP :: SC23-0358-1 VM XA SP CP Command Reference Rel 2 Nov88
Topics: command, virtual, device, query, user, trace, storage, system, file, indicates, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 3270 :: GA27-2739-22 3270 Information Display System Introduction Oct88
Topics: ibm, display, data, control, models, model, system, terminal, adapter, unit, control unit, display...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-2081-1 AIX 2.2 Operating System Commands Reference Volume 2 Sep88
Topics: command, file, system, files, aix, operating, default, displays, message, aix operating, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aos :: AOS Release 2 Program Directory Sep88
Topics: ibm, system, academic, operating, prpq, program, directory, file, andrew, afs, operating system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: IBM Personal System 2 and IBM Personal Computer Product Reference Ver 4.0 Sep88
Topics: ibm, adapter, personal, program, system, network, lan, central, display, central service, ibm...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GG24-3291-0 Installation Guidelines for IBM Token Ring Network Products Sep88
Topics: network, ibm, lan, installation, adapter, program, figure, remote, configuration, gateway,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-2011-1 AIX 2.2 Operating System Commands Reference Volume 1 Sep88
Topics: command, file, files, commands, system, aix, displays, default, flag, operating, aix operating,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aos :: AOS 4.3 System Administration Guide Sep88
Topics: file, system, user, files, command, chapter, printer, directory, login, administration, file...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC19-6204-05 VM SP System Messages and Codes Release 6 Aug88
Topics: system, user, file, command, error, virtual, storage, message, code, sfs, file pool, virtual...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC24-5221-05 VM SP Rel 6 Command and Macro Ref Aug88
Topics: file, subcommand, set, macro, xedit, prefix, command, editor, subcommands, operand, system product,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 372x :: GA33-0067-3 3720 3721 System Integration Jul88
Topics: ipl, password, step, remote, console, ibm, function, customer, terminate, serial, status area,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC24-5220-04 VM SP Rel 6 Editor UG Jul88
Topics: file, subcommand, macro, prefix, xedit, editor, set, current, subcommands, lines, system product,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC19-6209-05 VM SP CMS Command Reference Release 6 Jul88
Topics: file, command, cms, option, virtual, directory, commands, messages, files, disk, cms command, cms...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC19-6211-05 VM SP CP General User Command Reference Release 6 Jul88
Topics: virtual, command, user, spool, storage, machine, device, file, terminal, commands, virtual machine,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC24-5238-04 VM SP System Product Interpreter Users Guide Release 6 Jul88
Topics: program, reading, interpreter, instruction, exec, command, cms, file, rexx, chapter, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 372x :: GA33-0066-2 3720 Communication Controllers Extended Services Jul88
Topics: function, ccu, display, address, data, test, wrap, control, error, chapter, communication...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC24-5239-03 VM SP Rel 6 Interpreter Jul88
Topics: string, interpreter, instruction, function, rexx, system, reference, product, command, variable,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: GC23-2002-0 AIX Family Definition Overview Jul88
Topics: aix, family, system, user, posix, interface, bsd, svid, definition, ibm, aix family, system calls,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: GC23-2002-0 AIX Family Definition Overview Jul88
Topics: aix, system, family, user, interface, ibm, definition, subroutines, posix, calls, aix family,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: VM SP :: Release 6 Jul88 :: SC19-6202-05 VM SP Operators Guide Release 6 Jun88
Topics: virtual, system, operator, command, spool, machine, console, user, spooling, storage, virtual...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: PS2 Model 80 Technical Reference May88
Topics: system, memory, board, ram, rom, bit, hex, pos, address, system board, pos register, system memory,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: PS2 Model 70 Technical Reference May88
Topics: system, memory, board, ram, bit, hex, diskette, address, byte, system board, diskette drive, fixed...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: PS2 Model 60 Technical Reference May88
Topics: system, board, bit, byte, pos, hex, ram, port, arbitration, system board, diskette drive, pos...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: Personal System 2 Hardware Interface Technical Reference May88
Topics: data, hex, address, controller, interrupt, mode, byte, instruction, signal, video subsystem, status...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: ps2 :: PS2 Model 50 Technical Reference May88
Topics: system, board, bit, byte, memory, pos, hex, address, ram, system board, diskette drive, pos...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: 9370 :: GG24-3227-0 IBM 9370 LAN Vol 2 IEEE 802.3 Support Apr88
Topics: lan, ieee, smtp, ibm, user, installation, configuration, figure, subsystem, virtual, virtual...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: cards :: 96X5734 Token-Ring Guide To Operations Feb88
Topics: ibm, adapter, network, menu, ram, diagnostics, computer, personal, adapters, system, ibm personal,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: 6152 :: 33F6215 Academic System 6152 Quick Reference and Reference Diskette Jan88
Topics: diskette, ibm, system, installing, computer, unit, backup, reference, password, adapter, system...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GA27-3714-4 Token-Ring Network Telephone Twisted-Pair Media Guide Dec87
Topics: ibm, network, cable, media, cabling, wiring, telephone, cables, fiber, optical, optical fiber,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: 3270 PC :: 74X9879 PC3270 Emulation Program Entry Level V1.21 Programmers Guide Dec87
Topics: eehllapi, host, program, string, presentation, function, data, space, programming, parameters,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0936-0 EDX 6.0 Installation and System Generation Guide Oct87
Topics: terminal, system, data, partition, supervisor, optional, diskette, device, include, address, data...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: lan :: GA27-3361-7 IBM Cabling System Planning and Installation Oct87
Topics: cable, installation, connector, ibm, cabling, data, optical, wiring, type, test, cabling system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: 5363 :: SC21-9685-0 IBM System 36 - Operating Your Computer - 5363 Sep87
Topics: display, diskette, system, command, console, file, control, disk, spool, ptf, control command,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: languages :: 00F8662 BASIC Compiler 2 Language Reference Sep87
Topics: statement, function, print, program, file, basic, string, error, ibm, format, ibm basic, statement...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-0809-0 AIX 2.1.2 Technical Reference Volume 2 Sep87
Topics: file, subroutine, system, device, aix, character, operating, data, terminal, tnl, operating system,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-0787-0 Installing and Customizing the AIX Operating System V2.1.2 Sep87
Topics: system, aix, operating, minidisk, device, installing, customizing, press, minidisks, vrm, operating...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: series1 :: edx :: 6.0 Sep87 :: SC34-0940-0 EDX 6.0 Operator Commands and Utilities Sep87
Topics: data, command, set, volume, enter, program, system, disk, device, utility, data set, data sets,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: 08F3649 IBM RT PC New Model Series Upgrade Kit Instructions Aug87
Topics: minidisk, step, minidisks, aix, coprocessor, diskette, disk, press, system, upgrade, upgrade kit,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS EA :: GC28-1150-3 MVS EA System Macros and Facilities Volume 1 Jun87
Topics: macro, routine, address, svc, data, code, instruction, program, key, control, macro instruction,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: 370 :: MVS XA :: GC28-1151-4 MVS EA System Macros and Facilities Volume 2 Jun87
Topics: macro, address, specifies, addr, instruction, parameter, storage, list, blanks, macro instruction,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: pc :: rt :: aix :: SC23-0788-1 Bibliography and Master Index 2ed Jun87
Topics: ostr, vrm, subroutine, tools, sna, install, usref, ined, comm, ginfo, subroutine ostr, system call,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: GC21-9015-5 System 36 Guide to Publications Jun87
Topics: data, program, system, display, ibm, communications, manual, guide, file, remote, display station,...
From the bitsavers.org collection, a scanned-in computer-related document. ibm :: system36 :: SC21-7938-5 System 36 System Messages Jun87
Topics: option, job, data, created, step, enter, sys, auto, message, explanation, data created, enter...