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Defense Technical Information Archive

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) is the premier repository for research and engineering information for the United States Department of Defense. DTIC's Suite of Services is available to DoD personnel, defense contractors, federal government personnel and contractors and selected academic institutions. The general public can access unclassified, unlimited information, including many full-text downloadable documents, through the public Web site, DTIC Online.

DTIC's collections contain over 4 million documents including technical reports, research in progress and Independent Research and Development (IR&D) summaries. DTIC also publishes searchable Congressional budget data shortly after its release from Congress. DTIC acquires approximately 25,000 new documents each year.

On June 4, 2004, DTIC became a DoD Field Activity under the management of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, reporting to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (ASD(R&E)). Mr. Christopher Thomas is the Administrator.

DTIC's mission statement is "To provide essential, technical research, development, testing and evaluation (RDT&E) information rapidly, accurately and reliably to support our DoD customers' needs."

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This White Volume assesses U.S. long term national security challenges, employing a global perspective that accounts for the changing political, economic, social, and psychological profiles of populations, and the rapid changes they experience in a globally connected information environment. It addresses many of the key national security challenges identified by LTG Flynn in the Preface. The collection of essays explores future population-centric national security challenges through the lens of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS VICKSBURG MS ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER,...
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Preface: This Forum on Health and National Security, directed to addressing stigma and barriers to care, brought together a diverse group of leaders in order to expand our horizons on these issues of important national need in times of war, disaster and terrorism. The individuals represented national leaders, educators, researchers and health care planners across mental health, health care systems, military and disaster care and the specific issues of stigma and barriers to care. Our goal was...
Topics: DTIC Archive, UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF...
In Rearming for the Cold War, the first publication in a multivolume series on the history of the acquisition of major weapon systems by the Department of Defense, author Elliott Converse presents a meticulously researched overview of changes in acquisition policies, organizations, and processes within the United States military establishment during the decade and a half following World War II. Many of the changes that shaped the nature and course of weapons research and development,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON DC HISTORICAL OFFICE, *ACQUISITION,...
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PRISM is a security studies journal chartered to inform members of U.S. Federal agencies, allies, and other partners on complex and integrated national security operations; reconstruction and nation-building; relevant policy and strategy; lessons learned; and developments in training and education to transform America's security and development apparatus to meet tomorrow's challenges better while promoting freedom today.
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR COMPLEX OPERATIONS, *OPERATIONS OTHER...
The US Department of Defense (DOD) is the nation?s fifth-largest Federal land management agency. The DOD employs several pro-grams to assess the impacts of military training on Army installation lands. These programs must in turn meet the Army?s environmen-tal technology requirements. One Army User Requirement for Land Characterization calls for the development of methods applicable for use at the installation level that characterize suitability of lands for mission use, the impact of vehicle...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING...
This DTRA-sponsored research examines the political economy of emerging infectious disease (EID) surveillance programs; it also provides lessons learned for U.S. military medical research laboratories collaborating with developing countries. It is the third study in a series that began with a comparison of Indonesia, Cambodia, and the Naval Area Medical Research Unit 2 in the context of EID surveillance and viral sovereignty (published by the author as Emerging Infectious Disease Surveillance...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA CENTER ON CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT, *INFECTIOUS...
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This research uses a historical comparative analysis to investigate the differences between two specific Muslimmajority regions of Thailand: the province of Satun, along the western coast of southern Thailand, and provinces of Yala, Narathiwat, Pattani, and Songkhla, which border the Malaysian state of Kelantan and the Gulf of Thailand. The formation of ethnic identities in Satun and Patani has followed different paths over time, and these variations in development have produced dramatically...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, *ETHNIC GROUPS, CULTURE,...
The purpose of this research is to capture valuable corporate knowledge from the senior leaders responsible for contingency contracting operations in Iraq and Afghanistan for two primary reasons: (1) to document the history and evolution of CENTCOM Joint Theater Support Contracting Command (C-JTSCC), and (2) to use the consolidated lessons learned to shape recommendations to improve future contingency contracting operations. In this study, we focused on senior-level leadership within the DoD,...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
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The discovery of novel materials and methods to store more energy and release energy faster is a crucial area of research to address Army needs in both weapons development and lightweight compact power for individual Soldiers, combat vehicles and munitions. The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL), the Army s corporate research laboratory, is breaking existing paradigms in these areas by developing a rigorous science-based understanding of diverse multidisciplinary domains, integrating...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD, *ENERGY, ARMY RESEARCH, COMPUTATIONAL...
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Employee development is among the most important functions of any organization. Since employees are arguably an organization's most important asset, organizations have an incentive to invest in, direct, and promote the development of their employees. As an organization, the U.S. Navy, too, provides for the personal and professional development of naval personnel. This thesis reviews the Navy's personal and professional development program and examines the possible use of 360-degree feedback in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
If we are to remain a well-functioning Republic and a prosperous nation, the U.S. Government cannot rely indefinitely on crisis management, no matter how adroit. We must get ahead of events or we risk being overtaken by them. That will only be possible by upgrading our legacy systems of management to meet today s unique brand of accelerating and complex challenges. Anticipatory Governance responds to this need by introducing three critical elements to existing Executive Branch functions:...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES, *DECISION...
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AS I STOOD AT THE FLIGHT 93 MEMORIAL WALL watching, the President and First Lady laid a wreath in remembrance of the victims lost on that terrible day. Not a word was spoken, no speeches given, just the somber ceremony of remembrance dedicated to victims of a once unfathomable act of terror. At that moment the thought occurred to me that 10 years had passed by so quickly. It had actually been a decade since we witnessed the horrors attributed to the worst attacks our country had ever known on...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA CENTER FOR STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP, *HOMELAND...
Information Warfare (IW) is a reality of the 21st century. With the advancements in computer technology and innovations in information systems and networks, information has become a forceful weapon and an element of national power. Consequently, the conduct of war in this age has been greatly affected by the manner in which information is treated by the opposing forces. The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) has been aggressively formulating doctrine and policy on the subject since the early...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF INFORMATION SCIENCES, *ADAPTATION,...
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13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) The Incident Command System (ICS) resulted from the need for a new approach to the problem of managing wildfires in the early 1970s. The events of September 11, 2001, led to issuing of Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 5 requiring agencies to adopt ICS as their incident management system. However, in events of national significance since then, internal communications have not performed well, causing numerous response problems. In addition, public...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COMMUNICATION AND RADIO SYSTEMS, *CRISIS...
The establishment of CBP on March 1, 2003 created the world's largest law enforcement agency encompassing several large, complex and diverse organizations from three separate departments of the United States Government. Since its formation, CBP's national level headquarters has lacked an applicable organizational structure and an effective command and control (C2) system with its field offices to effectively and efficiently accomplish its mission of securing our Nation's borders and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *LAW ENFORCEMENT,...
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Recent developments in the population engagement strategies associated with Operation Enduring Freedom and the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan have led to the emergence of Female Engagement Teams (FETs). These Teams seek to provide insight and intelligence while engendering American and ISAF efforts in the region by utilizing female marines and soldiers to actively engage and interact with the population. Cultural norms and religious dictates have traditionally prevented...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *AFGHANISTAN...
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The ethical lapses exemplified by Abu Ghraib, Mahmudiyah (Blackhearts), and Maywand (5/2 Stryker) are distressing symptoms of an even bigger, and potentially devastating, cultural shortcoming. The U.S. Army profession lacks an institutional ethical framework and a means of peer-to-peer self-governance. The frameworks the Army has may imply, but they do not explicitly dictate, an Army ethic. Other English-speaking nations' ethical constructs can inform the development of an Army Ethic that...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE, *ARMY, *CRIMES,...
NATO-Russian relations remain a major component of global security in the 21st century. Given the complex threats to global security today, the rising energy demands and energy dependency of Europe, and increasing foreign trade between the parties, Russia's relations with the West have become increasingly important. The new security environment of post-9/11 has prepared a common ground for a closer partnership between these old enemies. Unfortunately, NATO and Russia have been unable to move...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS,...
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This dissertation researches the mathematical translation of resource provisioning policy into mathematical terms and parameters to solve the on-line service placement problem. A norm called the Provisioning Norm is introduced. Theorems presented in the work show the Provisioning Norm utility function and greedy, random, local search effectively and efficiently solve the on-line problem. Caching of placements is shown to reduce the cost of change but does not improve response time performance....
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT,...
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Controlling the population in any counterinsurgency is critical to the success of the counterinsurgent. Three historical theorists, Sir Robert Thompson, David Galula, and Robert Trinquier all agree on this pertinent issue. Success in Malaya hinged on controlling the population in New Villages. Security in Algeria depended on sectors or districts. In both examples, the raising of local security forces to control the population was essential. Two major counterinsurgency efforts were used in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *COUNTERINSURGENCY, CIVILIAN...
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Sexual assault is a crime that has no place in the Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department s leadership has a zero tolerance policy against it. It is an affront to the basic American values we defend, and may degrade military readiness, subvert strategic goodwill, and forever change the lives of victims and their families. Unfortunately, sexual assault is also a crime that is significantly underreported, both within and outside of the Military Services. In 2005, the Department...
Topics: DTIC Archive, OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (PERSONNEL AND READINESS) WASHINGTON DC,...
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This project, on The Transatlantic Bargain, is designed to take fresh look at the most basic elements of relations between the United States (and Canada) on one side of the Atlantic and European allies and partners on the other side. The requirement to take a fresh look derives from the radical changes that have taken place in so many areas in recent years, along with the need both to gain a basic understanding of the interests and values that motivate governments and peoples on the two sides...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES,...
This thesis examines how the United State deliberately used education as part of its counterinsurgency strategy in the Philippines to pacify anti-occupation violence and assimilate the archipelago under American governance. The thesis begins by analyzing American efforts to use education to assimilate and civilize two other racial groups before the Philippine Insurrection: African Americans during the post-Civil War Reconstruction Period and American Indians during the United States' expansion...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *ARMY, *ASSIMILATION,...
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has adopted a Whole of Community approach to emergency management, and seeks to enhance emergency management outcomes through improved preparedness, response and recovery efforts. The significant amount of time and money required engaging disparate partners, technological and cultural barriers to interoperability, and a lack of training/familiarity with each other inhibits the collaboration necessary to achieve a state of shared situational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *CRISIS MANAGEMENT, COLLABORATIVE TECHNIQUES,...
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Following its defeat on the mainland in 1949, the Nationalist government retreated to Taiwan. Although the Nationalist navy was comparatively large, to many it seemed almost certain that the People's Republic of China (PRC) would attack and take Taiwan, perhaps as early as summer 1950. The Korean War began on 25 June 1950, however, and the possibility of a PRC invasion of Taiwan was countered when on 27 June President Harry S. Truman ordered the Seventh Fleet to neutralize the Taiwan Strait....
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI CENTER FOR NAVAL WARFARE STUDIES, *CHINA, *MILITARY...
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During the period March 3-4, 2011, the Triangle Institute for Security Studies (TISS), North Carolina State University (NCSU), and the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) held a colloquium at the McKimmon Center in Raleigh. The colloquium, entitled The Energy and Security Nexus: A Strategic Dilemma, was attended by 128 persons from federal and state government, academia, think tanks, and a wide variety of local organizations and businesses working on energy issues. The goal of this conference was...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE, *ENERGY, ENERGY...
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Airborne Oxygen Generation (AOG) Systems are used on most fighter aircraft due to reduced servicing and logistics support, and safety considerations. The F-22 aircraft is equipped with such a system to provide breathing air to the pilot. This system takes engine bleed air and concentrates it to the appropriate partial pressure of oxygen as determined by the cabin altitude. Beginning in 2008, the F-22 aircraft began to experience a significantly higher rate of hypoxia-like incidents with unknown...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD (AIR FORCE) WASHINGTON DC, *OXYGEN GENERATORS, AIRCRAFT...
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Topics: DTIC Archive, MILITARY OPERATIONS RESEARCH SOCIETY ALEXANDRIA VA, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *OPERATIONS...
Since 2002, Mongolia's commitment to international peace-support operations has dramatically increased and broadened the country's bilateral and multilateral military engagement throughout the world. By participating in UN peacekeeping and other peace-support operations, Mongolia and its military have gained tremendous experience, learned valuable lessons, and identified challenges in several critical areas that needed improvement. This thesis argues that Mongolia's commitment to international...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *MONGOLIA, *NATIONAL SECURITY, *PEACETIME,...
Despite U.S. Special Operations Forces (USSOF) having the most combat experienced units in its history, Naval Special Warfare (NSW) faces a significant mid-grade officer retention problem. This thesis draws on interviews with CEOs and other senior leaders from over 40 private sector companies. Its overall aim is to help improve NSW's ability to retain the very best officers-those leaders who have the talent and expertise to keep NSW/USSOF one-step ahead of future threats. Three key findings...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *NAVAL WARFARE, HUMAN RESOURCES, LEADERSHIP,...
The goal of the thesis Conversion of a Micro, Glow-Ignition, Two-Stroke Engine from Nitromethane-Methanol Blend Fuel to Military Jet Propellant (JP-8) was to demonstrate the ability to operate a small engine on JP-8 and was completed in two phases. The first phase included choosing, developing a test stand for, and baseline testing a nitromethane-methanolfueled engine. The chosen engine was an 11.5 cc, glow-ignition, two-stroke engine designed for remote-controlled helicopters. A micro engine...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIV HOUGHTON DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING...
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This study is a longitudinal follow-up of Soldiers who completed surveys before, during, and after their deployment to Iraq to examine the effects of deployment in the longer term using both survey and interview methods. A comprehensive set of psychosocial characteristics healthy and unhealthy were assessed. Further data collection is ongoing. The specific purpose of the study is to measure resilience and growth in terms of actual trajectories of functioning over time and to identify protective...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR, *MENTAL ABILITY, *MILITARY PERSONNEL, *RESILIENCE, ARMY...
Studies have largely portrayed individual resistance as a pervasive, irrational, and problematic response to organizational change initiatives. The current study confronts this interpretation with a model of attitudinal inconsistency that provides a more holistic perspective of the individual during times of change. Inconsistency reveals the degree to which the mental evaluations of a change initiative may conflict and produce weak attitudinal foundations to govern behavior. Measuring...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND...
This report presents policy and oversight issues for Congress arising from (1) maritime territorial disputes involving China in the South China Sea (SCS) and East China Sea (ECS) and (2) an additional dispute over whether China has a right under international law to regulate U.S. and other foreign military activities in its 200-nautical-mile maritime Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). China is a party to multiple maritime territorial disputes in the SCS and ECS, including, in particular, disputes...
Topics: DTIC Archive, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE, *CHINA,...
Privately Contracted Military Firms (PCMFs) are in use throughout the globe by the U.S. government. Their role has become so intertwined with the demands of the Department of Defense (DoD) and that of the Department of State (DoS) that it is now hard to imagine operating in support of U.S. national interests, without them. But such a relationship is not without its pitfalls. The quantities, costs, and functions of today's PCMFs have grown at an astounding rate, and so too, the legal concerns...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COMMUNITY RELATIONS, *CONTRACTORS, BARRIERS,...
This thesis discusses the building of a sustainable business process wherein the private sector is integrated into the homeland security apparatus. As the threat our nation and her allies face continues to evolve, so must our responses. Integrating the private sector into the homeland security enterprise is long overdue. It is conceivable the next threat will be uncovered by a shopping mall guard or hotel housecleaning staff which is in stark contradiction to the past when the intelligence...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA, *COUNTERTERRORISM, *HOMELAND SECURITY,...
Current and past military commitments in Iraq, Afghanistan, Korea, and Vietnam have been influenced by military advice to civilian leaders over the past 60 years. This study examines whether today's military processes and culture adequately prepare senior officers to render clear, objective, and useful advice to their civilian leaders. The study develops and analyzes a profile of senior U.S. military leaders along five dimensions: physical, experience, military mindset, Western mindset, and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
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Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom were the first major wars of the 21st century. They will not be the last. They have significantly impacted how our government and military think about prosecuting wars. They will have a generational impact on the U.S. military, as its future leaders, particularly those in the ground forces, will for decades be men and women who served in Iraq and Afghanistan.* I believe it is imperative that leaders at all levels, both military and civilian, share...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV FORT MCNAIR DC, *MILITARY OPERATIONS, AFGHANISTAN, INFANTRY,...
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The Reserve Component (RC) has transformed into an operational force proving to be capable in all worldwide functions whether on land, at sea, or in the air. The RC is stronger than ever with four of the individual Reserve Components meeting or exceeding their fiscal year (FY) 2012 accession goals. The Services are achieving predictability in deployments, while performing real and meaningful work as members of the Total Force. Significant numbers of guardsmen and reservists have seen combat in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (RESERVE AFFAIRS) WASHINGTON DC, *MILITARY EQUIPMENT,...
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India has a tradition of peasant uprisings. The Telengana insurrection (1946-1951) in Andhra Pradesh was the first major uprising of peasants in independent India. It was very broad-based and has been unparalleled since India's War of Independence in 1857. The peasants launched their struggle on economic issues against forced labor, illegal exactions, and unauthorized evictions, but it soon developed into an uprising against the feudal rule of the Hyderabad monarchy, the Nizam. The movement was...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *COMMUNISM, *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN),...
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The Future Combat Systems (FCS) program was the largest and most ambitious planned acquisition program in the Army s history. As a program it was intended to field not just a system, but an entire brigade: a system of systems developed from scratch and integrated by means of an advanced, wireless network. Moreover, the FCS-equipped brigade would operate with novel doctrine that was being developed and tested along with the materiel components of the unit. To paraphrase the Army at the time, FCS...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA, *ARMY PROCUREMENT, *MILITARY MODERNIZATION,...
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Green nanoscience is a rapidly emerging field that aims to achieve the maximum performance and benefits from nanotechnology, while minimizing the impact on the environment. In this study, several methods for the green nanomanufacturing of biomedically important nanomaterials, specifically through the use of natural plants, have been extensively investigated. It was found that natural nanomaterials are inherent within plants, and can be further manipulated for potential biomedical applications....
Topics: DTIC Archive, TENNESSEE UNIV KNOXVILLE, *NANOMATERIALS, *NANOTECHNOLOGY, BENEFITS, BIOMEDICINE,...
The project investigated techniques and amendments to enhance microbial dehalogenation in sediments contaminated with organohalide mixtures and developed methods and tools to monitor the effectiveness of biostimulation processes. Micro- and mesocosm studies with organohalide-contaminated sediments demonstrated that these contain diverse communities of dehalogenating microorganisms. Dechlorination of historical PCB and PCDD/F contaminant mixtures can be stimulated by addition of amendments...
Topics: DTIC Archive, RUTGERS - THE STATE UNIV NEW BRUNSWICK NJ, *ANAEROBIC BACTERIA, *ANAEROBIC PROCESSES,...
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The Air and Space Power Journal (ISSN 1554-2505), Air Force Recurring Publication 10-1, published electronically bimonthly, is the professional journal of the United States Air Force. It is designed to serve as an open forum for the presentation and stimulation of innovative thinking on military doctrine, strategy, force structure, readiness, and other matters of national defense. The views and opinions expressed or implied in the Journal are those of the authors and should not be construed as...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *AIR FORCE, *BOMBER AIRCRAFT,...
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The discovery of oil in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has resulted in a new era in which demographic, economic, social, and political transformations have occurred rapidly. Moreover, the supply of oil has increased the strategic importance of the UAE. Expatriate laborers have contributed greatly to the development of the UAE, however, the UAE must start to examine the negative and positive impacts of those laborers with regard to its national security. The existence of foreign laborers in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *DEMOGRAPHY, *ECONOMIC...
Th is quarter marked the first time in more than nine years that the United States had no operational military presence in Iraq. Working chiefly out of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad and consulates in Erbil, Basrah, and Kirkuk, the Department of State (DoS) now oversees the remaining and still rather significant U.S.-funded relief and reconstruction efforts. As of April 3, 2012, DoS reported that 12,755 personnel supported the U.S. Mission in Iraq, down about 8% from the previous quarter. Current...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION ARLINGTON VA, *FINANCIAL...
The USAF proposes to improve an existing airport or airports and associated infrastructure in support of expanding mission requirements in the western Pacific. Under this action, the USAF proposes to construct facilities and infrastructure at an existing airport or airports to support a combination of cargo, fighter, and tanker aircraft and associated support personnel for divert landings, periodic exercises, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Unplanned divert landings and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, PACIFIC AIR FORCES JOINT BASE PEARL HARBOR-HICKAM AFB HI, *AIRPORTS, *ENVIRONMENTAL...
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This issue was sponsored by COL Mustapha Debboun, the senior medical and veterinary entomologist at the AMEDDC&S and Chairman of the AMEDD Journal Editorial Review Board. For the seventh consecutive year he has organized and assembled an outstanding collection of articles featuring topics related to public health, preventive medicine, and force health protection. Time and again throughout military history, the success or failure of battles, campaigns, and even wars has been determined by...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY MEDICAL DEPT CENTER AND SCHOOL FORT SAM HOUSTON TX, *MEDICAL SERVICES,...
The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has dramatically increased in recent years, and they are now being developed and used for many purposes beyond the ISTAR (Intelligence, Surveillance, Targeting and Reconnaissance) functions for which they are most well known. Since studies are now underway in the use of these vehicles for logistics purposes, the question has arisen as to whether they could be used for Casualty Evacuation (CASEVAC). The HFM-184 Task Group has carefully considered...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE), *AEROMEDICAL...
The purpose of this study was to examine technological strategic resource dependence, its potential for conflict in the 21st century, and subsequent influences on United States national security policy. In particular, the study explored whether the belief that nations are in a constant state of armed conflict over strategic resources, or preparing for such conflict, is substantiated. To gain insight into this issue, the study explored five interrelated concepts within the context of three...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *CONFLICT, *HISTORY,...
This monograph posits that military practitioners have a theoretical and doctrinal gap in understanding operational art. This threatens to separate tactical action from strategic purpose resulting in battlefield success that is orphaned by strategic frustration. To address this situation, this monograph proposes a theory of operational art, tempers it with historical case studies, and evaluates both Joint and Army doctrine. It demonstrates that, while operational art cannot overcome severe...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
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The focus of this paper is on assessing the stability and security of the framework for peace in Northern Ireland, lessons that have been learnt through its evolution, and recommendations for the future. As shall be seen, the Northern Ireland framework for peace today is not stable and secure for the future. The complexity of the problem begins with the number of actors involved: the nationalist and unionist people, the British and Irish governments and the military, including the Republican...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN),...
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This report discusses the impact of cloud computing and the broader revolution in computing on systems, on the disciplines of systems engineering that have evolved over the last half century, and on new opportunities for these disciplines. This report sees the need for a new synthesis of traditional and computer-science-based variants of systems engineering. It recommends that the Department of Defense (DoD), perhaps in collaboration with other agencies, invest in new research and educational...
Topics: DTIC Archive, SYSTEMS ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER HOBOKEN NJ, *CLOUD COMPUTING, SOFTWARE...
Defense Technical Information Archive
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This technical report is duplicative documentation of the approved doctorial thesis of one of the co-authors. The research was funded in part by the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) for the development of micromechanical sensors under the Army Technology Objective (ATO) of Sensor, Warhead, and Fuzing Technology Integrated for Combined Effects (SWFTICE). Particular technical progress at AMRDEC within this report includes resonant array...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING COMMAND REDSTONE ARSENAL AL,...
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General Creighton Abrams presents a sound historical example of the practical application of operational art as viewed through the lens of Army Design Methodology. When General Abrams assumed command of Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV) in 1968, he was able to frame his environment in a way that enabled him to equip and train the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) while simultaneously focusing on population-centric efforts in counterinsurgency. This would ultimately eliminate the...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
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Despite the vast research by Americans on General Matthew B. Ridgway's miraculous transformation of the Eighth Army during the Korean War, few studies have examined his operational approach and contrasted it with that of General Douglas MacArthur's. The constructed reality that emerges from the literature is that General MacArthur's operational desires led to a strained relationship with President Truman and ultimately limited his ability to employ forces in the manner he believed necessary to...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
Simplified acquisition procedures (SAPs) are a fundamental and ubiquitous component of federal contracting and are executed by acquisition professionals at all levels of government. Because of their relative simplicity, procurements using SAPs are often left to less experienced personnel who are in the inchoate stages of developing their skills and knowledge. Knowledge management represents the effective organization, dissemination, and utilization of an enterprise's knowledge resources. When...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY,...
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During WWI the Czechs and Slovaks living in Austria-Hungary were reluctant to fight for the monarchy. Military units fighting in frames of French, Russian, Serbian and Italian Armies known as the Czechoslovak Legions were created since 1914. Czech and Slovak political leaders joined their efforts and convinced Entente governments to recognize autonomous Czechoslovak Army. The Legion's efforts in Russia after Brest-litovsk Peace Treaty prevented Central Powers from reinforcing the Western and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA, *FIRST WORLD WAR, *MILITARY...
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The V-22 Osprey is the world's first production tiltrotor aircraft. Unlike any aircraft before it, the V-22 successfully blends the vertical flight capabilities of helicopters with the speed, range, altitude, and endurance of fixed-wing transports. This unique combination provides an unprecedented advantage to warfighters, allowing current missions to be executed more effectively, and new missions to be accomplished that were previously unachievable on legacy platforms. Comprehensively tested...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER AIRCRAFT DIV PATUXENT RIVER MD, *TILT ROTOR AIRCRAFT, MARINE...
The String of Pearls is a term that has permeated Indian naval policy circles in recent years. This term encapsulates the idea that, since the early 1990s, China has been developing a network of naval bases in south Asian littoral nations as a means to project maritime power into the Indian Ocean and beyond to the Middle East. Contrary to Indian perceptions, Chinese activity in the littoral nations has, to this point, been primarily economic, not military in nature. Nonetheless, this activity...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *CHINA,...
This research identifies some of the terrorism-related vulnerabilities in suburban and rural school district facilities and operations throughout New York State. An evaluation of the resources and technologies available to first responders (i.e., police, fire, and EMS personnel) was conducted through a survey instrument delivered to agencies in the state. The survey identified areas for improvement in response capabilities and in protocols for dealing with critical incidents in suburban and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS,...
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In its 130 years of service to the U.S. Army, the Command and General Staff College (CGSC) transitioned numerous times as an academic center of officer learning. In its early years, the Applicatory School of Cavalry and Infantry was known derisively as the kindergarten, where lieutenants learned the basics of soldiering as well as math and English. Later, during World War I, Leavenworth Men were sought out to fill primary staff positions within division, corps, and army headquarters, leading...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
This research report describes the engineering formulation and corresponding software developed for expressing the computed stability results for an idealized two-dimensional cross-section of a non-overflow concrete gravity dam embedded in rock in terms of a fragility curve for a potential sliding mode of failure. Within the Corps, the term system response curve is being used to describe what is commonly referred to in the technical literature as the fragility curve; used for the hydrologic...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS VICKSBURG MS ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER, *DAMS,...
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United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Pamphlet (TP) 525-3-0 describes what the future Army must do as part of the joint force to achieve the Nation's strategic objectives. This description is predicated on the Army's enduring missions and the future operational environment, characterized by an era of fiscal constraint. TP 525-3-0 describes the required capabilities the future Army will need to enable the nation to prevent conflict, shape the environment, and win the Nation's...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY TRAINING AND DOCTRINE COMMAND FORT EUSTIS VA, *ARMY PLANNING, *MILITARY...
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The unhindered ability to utilize the Maritime Domain is essential to a healthy global economy and is vital to the strategic security interests of all nations. Loss of access to this significant global highway, connecting nations, people, markets and manufacturers around the world, rapidly impacts all nations. Direct threats to ensured maritime access include disruption of commerce or movement and interference with the lawful use of the Maritime Domain and transnational crimes such as piracy...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT STAFF SUFFOLK VA JOINT AND COALITION OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS DIV, *INTERNATIONAL...
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This monograph addresses the fact that most writing on strategy is descriptive rather than explanatory. Describing strategy in terms of categories such as grand strategy, or theater strategy, or by various analogies, does not illuminate what happens when one practices strategy. Strategy is a cognitive process rather than some tangible object that one can point at or manipulate. Accordingly, this is a theory of how strategy is formed and why it works. The process that produces strategy is based...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY...
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FEATURED ARTICLES: Guest Editorial by Frank Mullen; LVC Architecture Roadmap Implementation Results of the First Two Years by James E. Coolahan, Ph.D. & Gary W. Allen, Ph.D.; Highlights of the CREATE Program by Douglass E. Post; Designing and Developing Effective Training Games for the US Navy by Talib S. Hussain, Bruce Roberts, Ellen S. Menaker, Susan L. Coleman, Kelly Pounds, Alan Koenig, Clint Bowers, Richard Wainess, Janis A. Cannon-Bowers, John Lee & Curtiss Murphy; Scalable and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ALEXANDRIA VA MODELING AND SIMULATION COORDINATION OFFICE,...
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This manual is written to serve as a guide to Ship Design Managers (SDMs), Systems Integration Managers (SIMs), and other design management personnel. It is intended to aid in indoctrination of newly assigned personnel and serve as a source for planning and execution of each design phase for the management of designs for ships being acquired by the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) and its affiliated Program Executive Offices (PEOs). The SDM is directly responsible for the successful...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL SEA SYSTEMS COMMAND WASHINGTON DC, *NAVAL ARCHITECTURE, *NAVAL PROCUREMENT,...
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Learning by Doing: The PLA Trains at Home and Abroad is the latest volume in a series on the PLA produced by the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), The National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR), and the United States Pacific Command (USPACOM). The papers presented here are a timely and critical look at an evolving and expanding Chinese military and provide context for the changes we may yet see as the PLA continues to modernize. As the USPACOM Commander, I seek to better understand China in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY WAR COLLEGE CARLISLE BARRACKS PA STRATEGIC STUDIES INSTITUTE, *CHINA, *MILITARY...
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The USSOCOM Research Topics 2012 list represents an effort to identify, categorize, and list SOF-related research topics for research by PME students, JSOU senior fellows, and other SOF researchers who desire to make timely and meaningful contributions to SOF issues and challenges. The USSOCOM commander places great emphasis and value on SOF PME students research and writing on timely, relevant, SOF-related topics. Such activity develops the individual's intellect and provides a professional...
Topics: DTIC Archive, JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIV MACDILL AFB FL, *MILITARY RESEARCH, *SPECIAL OPERATIONS...
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This thesis studies the historic activity and present operational return on investment of the U.S. Coast Guard's all-volunteer, citizen-supported Auxiliary organization. The thesis recommends harvesting approximately $2.7M by eliminating the Auxiliary aviation program. The existing funds could be efficiently reprogrammed to replace that volunteer support niche through an agreement with the U.S. Air Force and to better support other more cost-effective volunteer sub-programs. This effort departs...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *CIVILIAN...
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This paper captures the results of a CSAF directed study on USAF command and control (C2). The study examined Air Force C2 in seven cases covering the spectrum of conflict to determine whether doctrine and organizational structures require change to fit uncertain and dynamic future scenarios. A modified version of the Alberts and Hayes C2 approach space construct was used for the analysis. The study's results showed that USAF C2 design must change in order to increase its adaptability. An...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST, *AIR FORCE OPERATIONS, ADAPTATION,...
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This report presents an overview of the work performed on the Distributed Episodic Exploratory Planning (DEEP) project. DEEP is a mixed-initiative decision support system that utilizes past experiences to suggest courses of action for new situations. It has been designed as a distributed multi-agent system, using agents to maintain and exploit the experiences of individual commanders, as well as to transform suggested past plans into potential solutions for a new situation or world state. The...
Topics: DTIC Archive, AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB ROME NY INFORMATION DIRECTORATE, *DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS,...
Historians tend to agree that Ramon Magsaysay's leadership and his relationship with Edward Lansdale are two of the most important features of the Philippine government's campaign against the Huks from 1946 to 1954. Yet the nuances of his leadership and the nature of their relationship deserve greater investigation. This thesis seeks to further illuminate Magsaysay and Lansdale's relationship by focusing on the role that empathy and sociocultural understanding played in defeating the Huks and...
Topics: DTIC Archive, ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS, *COMMUNITY RELATIONS,...
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Is the current budget and debt of the United States a concern to its national defense? Does debt held by foreign nations, particularly China, give them soft power over the United States? The current national deficit is more than $1.3 trillion dollars and the national public debt is just over $16 trillion. Congress and the greater civilian population are calling for dramatic cuts to the Department of Defense (DoD) to balance the budget, but the issue is more complicated than that. The DoD budget...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *DEPARTMENT...