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by Diane Larsen-Freeman
texts
eye 173
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Topic: Second language acquisition -- Research.
PubMed Central
by Chen, Y.; Davis, M. H.; Pulvermuller, F.; Hauk, O.
texts
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This article is from Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , volume 7 . Abstract Do task demands change the way we extract information from a stimulus, or only how we use this information for decision making? In order to answer this question for visual word recognition, we used EEG/MEG as well as fMRI to determine the latency ranges and spatial areas in which brain activation to words is modulated by task demands. We presented letter strings in three tasks (lexical decision, semantic decision, silent...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3719031
PubMed Central
texts
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This article is from Brain and Language , volume 132 . Abstract •Concrete nouns and verbs elicit different brain signatures in frontocentral cortex.•Abstract nouns and verbs fail to elicit different brain activation patterns.•Concrete verbs activate motor and premotor cortex more strongly than concrete nouns.•Concrete nouns activate inferior frontal areas more strongly than concrete verbs.•Lexical category distinctions in middle temporal cortex cannot be confirmed.
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4029073
Folkscanomy: Psychology and Mind
by Churchland, Patricia Smith
texts
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Brain Wise, Studies in Neurophilosophy by Patricia Smith Churchland
Topics: Neurosciences, Cognitive science, Neuropsychology, Knowledge, Metaphysics, Neurology, Philosophy,...
PubMed Central
by Bolhuis, Johan J.; Tattersall, Ian; Chomsky, Noam; Berwick, Robert C.
texts
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This article is from PLoS Biology , volume 12 . Abstract : How could language have evolved? What is the key innovation underlying the evolution of human language? This Essay argues that the ability to “merge” two syntactic elements uniquely explains the recentness and stability of language. [SK to check before publishing on the homepage] CM 16/7
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4144795
The Library of Congress
by Heyse, K. W. L. (Karl Wilhelm Ludwig), 1797-1855; Steinthal, Heymann, 1823-1899, ed
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Topics: Comparative linguistics, Language and languages
PubMed Central
texts
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This article is from PLoS ONE , volume 9 . Abstract An eye-tracking paradigm was developed for use in audiology in order to enable online analysis of the speech comprehension process. This paradigm should be useful in assessing impediments in speech processing. In this paradigm, two scenes, a target picture and a competitor picture, were presented simultaneously with an aurally presented sentence that corresponded to the target picture. At the same time, eye fixations were recorded using an...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4065036
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
texts
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This article presents and discusses a model for analyzing abstract invariant relationships between concepts and conceptualizations, linguistically expressed in generalized descriptions (scientific titles) of information processing. The model assumes conceptual information to be directly picked up by means of prepositions distinguishing intention from orientation. The precise organizing functions of prepositions have led to the construction of an algorithm which makes possible a generalized...
Topics: intermediate language, AaO paradigm, structure, concept, recognition, prepositions, algorithmic
THE ACQUISITION OF LANGUAGE IS CONSIDERED AS A QUESTION OF SPECIFYING HOW CHILDREN'S CAPACITY FOR LANGUAGE INTERACTS WITH THEIR LINGUISTIC EXPERIENCE--THE INTERACTION TAKING THE FORM OF RELATING THE UNIVERSAL ASPECTS OF THE DEEP STRUCTURE TO THE IDIOSYNCRATIC ASPECTS OF THE SURFACE STRUCTURE OF LANGUAGE. THIS INTERACTION OCCURS IN THE ACQUISITION OF TRANSFORMATIONS. ONE QUESTION ARISING FROM THIS APPROACH IS WHETHER SOME OF THE LINGUISTIC UNIVERSALS SO RELATED EXIST BECAUSE THEY ARE UNIVERSALS...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Child Development, Cognitive Processes, Deep Structure, Form Classes (Languages),...
Intended for students, teachers, parents, and administrators in charge of educating bilingual children, the monograph provides a summarized account of the information available regarding theories and research in second language acquisition, divided into four chapters. Chapter I is an historical overview of language acquisition theories, philosophies, and beliefs dating from Biblical times to the beginning of the 20th century. The works of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Varro, Quintilian, Locke,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bilingualism, Contrastive Linguistics, Diachronic Linguistics, Discourse Analysis,...
This paper provides an overview of second language acquisition (SLA) research over the past several decades and highlights the ways in which it has retained its original applied and linguistic interests and enhanced them by addressing questions about acquisition processes. After discussing disciplinary contexts (SLA research and applied linguistics and SLA research and language acquisition studies), the paper focuses on traditions, trends, concerns, and controversies. It reviews research on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Applied Linguistics, Cognitive Processes, Interlanguage, Language Research, Language...
JSTOR Early Journal Content, The Monist
by Chamberlain, Alexander F.
texts
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"PRIMITIVE THEORIES OF KNOWLEDGE: A STUDY IN LINGUISTIC PSYCHOLOGY" is an article from The Monist, Volume 13 . View more articles from The Monist . View this article on JSTOR . View this article's JSTOR metadata . You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-27899394
Source: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/27899394
The objectives and perspective for a program with the educable mentally handicapped are presented in the Wisconsin curriculum guide. The described concepts and activities revolve around 12 Persisting Life Situations which include communicating ideas, understanding one's self and others, traveling, adjustment to various situations, health care, safety concerns, earning money, homemaking, money management, use of leisure time, appreciation of arts and beauty, and civic responsibilities. For each...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Curriculum Guides, Exceptional Child Education,...
PDFy Mirrors
texts
eye 51,883
favorite 35
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This public document was automatically mirrored from PDFy . Original filename: The Ultimate Book of Mind Maps - Tony Buzan.pdf URL: https://pdf.yt/d/MEuyCwZKGT3fqH56 Upload date: January 10, 2015 04:18:55
Topics: mirror, pdf.yt
American Libraries
texts
eye 2,115
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Book digitized by Google and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.
Topics: Indo-European philology, Vergelijkende taalwetenschap, Philologie indo-européenne
Source: http://books.google.com/books?id=Aq25AoZQ07QC&oe=UTF-8
THE SPECIFIC FAILINGS ARE DISCUSSED IN THE SEMANTIC THEORY OF KATZ AND FODOR PROPOSED WITHIN CHOMSKY'S CURRENT TRANSFORMATIONAL FRAMEWORK. THE FIRST DEALS WITH THE SO-CALLED "RELATIONAL" CONCEPTS. FOR EXAMPLE, IT IS NOT EASY TO SEE HOW ANY SLIGHT MODIFICATION OF THE NOTION OF "SEMANTIC FEATURE" CAN LEAD TO THE CORRECT INTERPRETATION OF COMPARATIVE SENTENCES. THE SECOND IS THAT "ENTAILMENT RULES" ARE NOT PROVIDED, WHICH OPERATE IN THE FOLLOWING WAY--THERE IS A...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English, Grammar, Linguistic Theory, Semantics, Transformational Generative Grammar,...
Community Texts
texts
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Approaches to Literary Studies
Topic: cognitive linguistics
This paper examines language in a factory setting and focuses on: (1) identical terms which workers use in different contexts, (2) terms that are discarded or changed, (3) different terms that express opposite units in a conceptual category but are labels for identical objects, and (4) terms which represent finer discriminations within conceptual categories. The paper shows that: (1) the manner in which some workers discriminate between categories reveals their position in the production flow,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Language Styles, Language Variation, Social...
The type of network treated in this paper is a network of relationships. The author shows how linguistic data and cognitional data can be accounted for by means of such networks. He begins by looking at some linguistic data, with particular concern for identifying the relationships which they exhibit. That is, the emphasis is on their interrelationships rather than directly upon the items of data themselves. As he proceeds, he observes how the individual relationships are organized into larger...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cognitive Processes, Language Patterns, Linguistic Theory, Networks, Standard Spoken...
Community Audio
audio
eye 157
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Dan Lieberman is a professor of biological anthropology at Harvard University
Topics: lieberman, evolution, running, anthropology, exercise, acsm
Monterey Park Bruggemeyer Library
by Monterey Park Historical Heritage Commission
audio
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Description : Norman Lieberman was a former MP city attorney. He is still resides on Fulton Street. He was an editor of the Monterey Park Progress. Rights : Copyrighted. Rights are owned by Monterey Park Bruggemeyer Library. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owner. In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of gift or purchase agreements, donor...
Topics: californialightandsound, Oral history--California--Monterey Park, Oral...
Source: 3 Tapes of 3: 1/8 inch audio cassette
PopTech
by PopTech
movies
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Zach Lieberman talks about teaching creativity in the information age at his School for Poetic Computation. "We are not sitting in front of a screen. We are trying to create a space for reimagining what is possible."
Topics: PopTech, PopCasts, creativity, Education, PopTech 2013
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
by Kassel, Charles, 1877-
texts
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Reprinted from "The Writer", Boston, August, 1906
Current technology provides new opportunities to increase the effectiveness of language learning and teaching. Incorporating well-organized and effective technology into second language learning and teaching for improving students' language proficiency has been refined by researchers and educators for many decades. Based on the rapidly changing evolution of technology, it is important for language teachers to recognize how to effectively and efficiently integrate technology into their...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Technology Uses in Education,...
Scholar Work Spaces
by Ramón Casares
texts
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Why did only we humans evolve Turing completeness? Turing completeness is the maximum computing power, and we are Turing complete because we can calculate whatever any Turing machine can compute. Thus we can learn any natural or artificial language, and it seems that no other species can, so we are the only Turing complete species. The evolutionary advantage of Turing completeness is full problem solving, and not syntactic proficiency, but the expression of problems requires a syntax because...
Topics: syntax evolution, problem solving, Turing completeness, recursion, language and thinking
California Digital Library
by Naylor, H. Darnley (Henry Darnley), b. 1872
texts
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Topics: Jespersen, Jens Otto Harry, 1860-, Language and languages
Arxiv.org
texts
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A new account of parameter setting during grammatical acquisition is presented in terms of Generalized Categorial Grammar embedded in a default inheritance hierarchy, providing a natural partial ordering on the setting of parameters. Experiments show that several experimentally effective learners can be defined in this framework. Evolutionary simulations suggest that a learner with default initial settings for parameters will emerge, provided that learning is memory limited and the environment...
Source: http://arxiv.org/abs/cmp-lg/9705001v1
JSTOR Early Journal Content, Geographical Review
texts
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"The Evolution and Distribution of Race, Culture, and Language" is an article from Geographical Review, Volume 11 . View more articles from Geographical Review . View this article on JSTOR . View this article's JSTOR metadata . You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-207857
Source: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/207857
PubMed Central
by Hauser, Marc D.; Yang, Charles; Berwick, Robert C.; Tattersall, Ian; Ryan, Michael J.; Watumull, Jeffrey; Chomsky, Noam; Lewontin, Richard C.
texts
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This article is from Frontiers in Psychology , volume 5 . Abstract Understanding the evolution of language requires evidence regarding origins and processes that led to change. In the last 40 years, there has been an explosion of research on this problem as well as a sense that considerable progress has been made. We argue instead that the richness of ideas is accompanied by a poverty of evidence, with essentially no explanation of how and why our linguistic computations and representations...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4019876
JSTOR Early Journal Content, The Cambro-Briton
by Dewi
texts
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"I. Origin of language" is an article from The Cambro-Briton, Volume 3 . View more articles from The Cambro-Briton . View this article on JSTOR . View this article's JSTOR metadata . You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-30070045
Source: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/30070045
PubMed Central
by Liegeois, Frederique J.; Mahony, Kate; Connelly, Alan; Pigdon, Lauren; Tournier, Jacques-Donald; Morgan, Angela T.
texts
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This article is from Brain and Language , volume 127 . Abstract
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3988975
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
texts
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The greater part of this paper is dedicated to a non-technical discussion and criticism of the principles of Skinnerian behaviorism. Various aspects of the theory are examined, and its inability to deal with verbal behavior as a productive and creative activity is asserted. The author's point of view is that expressed by Noam Chomsky in his criticism of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior." Evidence is produced to demonstrate that, contrary to the assertions of behaviorists, innate skills are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Animal Behavior, Behavior Theories, Child Language, Conditioning, Linguistic Theory,...
An overview of Noam Chomsky's theories about transformational grammar and phonology is given. Since Chomsky was interested in characterizing what it is to know a language, the ways in which we demonstrate knowledge of our native language are discussed in detail. Particular emphasis is placed on describing how the transformational approach actually works. The differences between transformational theory and structural linguistics are also pointed out. In the second part of the present work, there...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Theories, Child Language, Classical Conditioning, Deep Structure, Generative...
U.C. Berkeley Lectures
audio
eye 22,198
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Philosophy of Language
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Community Texts
texts
eye 928
favorite 4
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MIT Philosophy Language
Topic: MIT Philosophy Language
Community Texts
texts
eye 1,176
favorite 1
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structuralism
Topic: linguistic
California Digital Library
by Whorf, Benjamin Lee, 1897-1941
texts
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Bibliography: p. 271-278
Topics: Language and languages, Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
This report contains experiment results obtained from a comparative study of two groups of seventh grade students learning German in Sweden. The main objectives of the investigation, which lasted one school year, are: (1) to investigate possible achievement differences in German between similar groups of students when one group is instructed mainly in the language laboratory and another group in the classroom only, and (2) to investigate possible differences in attitudes between the two groups....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiolingual Methods, Educational Experiments, German, Grade 7, Language Instruction,...
THE APPARENT DISAPPOINTMENT AND SLACKENING OF ENTHUSIASTIC INTEREST IN LANGUAGE LABORATORY INSTRUCTION IS MOST PROBABLY NOT DUE TO A FUNDAMENTAL LACK OF EFFECTIVENESS, BUT TO METHODOLOGICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PROBLEMS YET TO BE SOLVED. MOST IMPORTANT, THE RESTRICTIVE DEPENDENCE OF LABORATORY MATERIAL ON CLASSROOM LESSONS MUST BE ABANDONED. ONLY WHEN LABORATORY INSTRUCTION IS AS INDEPENDENT AS POSSIBLE OF CLASSWORK, AND OF THE INSTRUCTOR HIMSELF, CAN IT SERVE ITS PURPOSE AS A TRULY SUPPLEMENTARY...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiolingual Skills, Contrastive Linguistics, German, Language Instruction, Language...
The purpose of this report is to identify the various aspects of language laboratory operation and maintenance as they relate to the teacher and the administrator, and to suggest certain practices which will result in more effective utilization of the installation. Discussion of the language laboratory includes: (1) selection of personnel, (2) scheduling, (3) budgeting, (4) mechanical operation and staff training, and (5) preventive maintenance. A sample form for scheduling the use of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiovisual Aids, Budgeting, Equipment Maintenance, Laboratory Equipment, Language...
THIS ARTICLE DESCRIBES THE LANGUAGE LABORATORY AT THE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF TRUJILLO AS IT IS USED IN THE FIVE-YEAR ENGLISH TEACHER TRAINING PROGRAM. THE FIRST TWO YEARS OF THIS COURSE ARE INTENSIVE, BASED ON A STUDY OF ENGLISH USING LADO-FRIES MATERIALS (FOR LATIN AMERICAN LEARNERS) WHICH REQUIRE FIVE HOURS OF CLASSWORK A WEEK SUPPLEMENTED BY FIVE HOURS IN THE LANGUAGE LAB. CLASSES ARE SCHEDULED BY THE HOUR WITH DIFFERENT MONITORS FOR THE VARIOUS GROUPS. A REGULAR 50-MINUTE SESSION BEGINS...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiolingual Methods, English (Second Language), Language Instruction, Language...
Specifications are presented covering the components of electronic and electro-mechanical equipment, non-electrical materials for the teacher-student positions, and other items of a miscellaneous nature to provide for a complete, workable language laboratory facility. Instructions for the use of specifications are included for the purchaser, buyer, and inspector. (FS)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Equipment Standards, Laboratory Equipment, Language Laboratories, Performance...
The methods and materials used in a language lab (LL) are analyzed. The theoretical advantages of the LL are enumerated, including its ability to provide a variety of programs and activities and its provision of an opportunity for students to listen critically to their voices. In order to determine if these advantages are being used, a set of observation grids developed expressly to carry out an analysis of LL use by teachers and students is proposed. The analytical methodology was applied to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Language Laboratories, Listening Comprehension, Second Language Instruction, Self...
IN THE LAST 20 YEARS, SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF THE NATURE OF LANGUAGE AND THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE LEARNING, RESEARCH IN STRUCTURAL LINGUISTICS, AND NEWLY-DEVELOPED TECHNOLOGY HAVE BROUGHT ABOUT REVOLUTIONARY CHANGES IN LANGUAGE-TEACHING METHODS. TO ACHIEVE AN IDEAL METHOD, THE POSSIBILITIES INHERENT IN THIS PROGRESS MUST BE EMPLOYED, AND THE IMPROVED METHODS BASED ON THE DISTINCT ADVANTAGES OF EACH OF THE PRE-AUDIOLINGUAL APPROACHES MUST BE ORGANIZED CONSIDERING EACH ASPECT OF THE LANGUAGE...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Audiolingual Methods, Educational Technology, Grammar Translation Method,...
In each of three historical periods, an effort was made, conscious or otherwise, to unite the prevailing knowledge of language into a pattern of language teaching. In the "pre-linguistic" period, emphasis was on encyclopedic formal knowledge, grammar-translation, reading , and writing. During the "linguistic" period, the study of language became more "objective" because the prevailing scientific viewpoint valued dispassionate observation of data. Representative of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Applied Linguistics, Educational Psychology, English (Second Language), Language...
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by Maher, Michael, 1860-1918
texts
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TABLE OF CONTENTS. Illustrations INTRODUCTION. CHAPTER I. Definition and Scope of Psychology . . . Pp. i — 10 Definitions of Psychology, Subjective and Objective, i, seq. —Scope, 2— Empirical and Rational Psychology, 5— Psychology distinguished from Cosmology, 6 — From Logic, 7 — From Ethics, 8 — Relations with Physiology, 9. CHAPTER II. Method of Psychology Pp. 11 — 25 Psychology a Science, 11— Introspective Method, 11 — Objective or Supplementary Methods, 13— These...
Topics: Stonyhurst Philosophical Series, Psychology
Community Texts
texts
eye 1,308
favorite 1
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Noam Chomsky's Generative Grammar
Topic: Noam Chomsky's Generative Grammar
Suggesting that neuroscience and the actualities of brain circuitry can provide guidance for what is misunderstood in writing education, namely, the role of subjectivity and values in the composing process, this paper argues that neuroscience provides corporeal evidence for the salience of particular brain structures and processes responsible for subjectivity. The paper discusses 3 fundamental human realities that lay the ground work for this claim: (1) the sociology of the brain; (2) the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Brain, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Models, Neurological Organization,...
Community Texts
texts
eye 8,929
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education psychology
Topic: education
The inadequacies of traditional and transformational models of grammar are overcome in the systemic-functional approach of Halliday, where meaning is built into the grammar and the text is the basic unit. Here, the functional approach is seen in the stress on the role of social/cultural context and in the importance of the role of register, which consists of the environment in which text is instantiated. The language user makes appropriate language choices according to the variables in the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Context, Educational Research, Grammar, Linguistic...
Community Texts
texts
eye 28,497
favorite 16
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Noam Chomsky Syntactic Structures
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Topic: Noam Chomsky Syntactic Structures
JSTOR Early Journal Content, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy
by Davidson, Thos.
texts
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"THE GRAMMAR OF DIONYSIOS THRAX" is an article from The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Volume 8 . View more articles from The Journal of Speculative Philosophy . View this article on JSTOR . View this article's JSTOR metadata . You may also retrieve all of this items metadata in JSON at the following URL: https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-25665891
Source: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/25665891
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
by Perry, Edward Delavan, 1854-1938; Bühler, Georg, 1837-1898
texts
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26
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Topic: Sanskrit language -- Grammar
California Digital Library
by Harris, Zellig S. (Zellig Sabbettai), 1909-
texts
eye 12,389
favorite 8
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Topics: Language and languages, Philology -- Methodology