first date, we read that mussolini had attacked far off ethiopia. the disease seemed to be spreading, so congress assembled to insulate us against the growing friction of war. >> we want no war. we have no war, save in defense of our own people. >> toward this end, our chosen representatives past the neutrality act. no nation at war could buy a manufactured arms or munitions from the united states. 1936, when you were running around in jalopy's, we were disturbed by news from spain. in our newsreels, we saw german and italian air forces and armies fighting in spain and wondered what they were doing there. for the first time, we saw great cities squashed flat. civilians bombed and killed. ♪ in november, 1936, the american institute of public opinion, known as the gallup poll, asked a representative cross-section of the american people, if another war develops in europe, should america take part again? no, 95%. we the people had spoken. 19 out of 20 of us said, include us out. to further insulate ourselves, we added the cash and carry amendment to the neutrality act. not only wouldn'