germany, and meet with joseph stalin, winston churchill and clement atley at the potsdam conference and on the way home to the united states, he would authorize the use of the atomic bomb on military targets in japan. history tells the rest of the story of that in august of 1945 to two atomic bombs were dropped on hiroshima and nagasaki. >> the japanese began the war from the air at pearl harbor. they have been repaid many fold. and the end is not yet. with this bomb, we have now added a new and revolutionary increase in destruction. >> and so the first five months of truman's presidency were among the most challenging of any president's in our history. mrs. truman suffered a loss in december of 1952 with the death of her mother, mage gates wallace. she died just a few weeks before christmas in 1952 and really just a few weeks before president truman would leave the presidency. in january of 1952. she died without a will. and so what mr. and mrs. truman did was they bought this home from the estate of madge gayts -- gates wallace and all the paperwork was done by the middle of 1953.
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