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The Independent Greys.5 

About us . 5 

Are you right for the Independent Greys? . 8 


Genesis .11 

An interview with Jake Duda on the creation . 11 

How To Get Started .18 

Where to begin with joining the “Independent Greys” . 18 

Contact Us . 20 

Bylaws . 20 

Dues . 21 


Required Items.23 

Sutlers . 25 

1 st Maryland Infantry Regiment.26 

1st Maryland Regiment History Overview . 27 

2nd Maryland Infantry.28 

Unit History Overview . 28 

Maryland Cadets.31 

Plug Uglies & Monument Street Girls.33 

Plug Uglies . 33 

Monument Street Girls . 33 



True Marylander Magazine.34 

Social Media.35 



Chapter One 

The Independent Greys 

About us 

The “Independent Greys” was the 
name used by several Maryland 
Militia infantry companies that 
formed a battalion within the 53rd Maryland Militia Regiment from 
1 859-1861. Shortly after the Baltimore Riot on April 19, 1 861, it was 
clear that Maryland was not going to secede from the Union. Many 
members of the various Maryland militia units were very “pro South. 
"The 53rd Maryland Militia was one of those militias. The unit dissolved 
as many of it’s members went south to serve in the Confederate Army 
being formed in Virginia. It is estimated that over 30,000 Marylanders 
served in the Confederate Army during the war. Many Marylanders found 
themselves serving in Virginia Regiments since Maryland as a state 
never seceded. There were several “all Maryland’ units that were 
ultimately raised. One of those units was the 1 st Maryland Infantry 
Regiment formed in the Spring of 1 861. Company D of the 1 st Maryland 
Infantry Regiment was commanded by Capt. James Herbert. Capt. 
Herbert formally served as a Lieutenant in Company A, 53rd Maryland 
Militia prior to the war . Company A was one of the “Independent 
Greys” companies within the 
53rd Maryland. Carrying on 
with tradition; Capt. Herbert 
nicknamed his Company D 
“The Independent Greys”. 

You can see the evidence of 


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iff ^ir uti 


jamk* n, urtiKjtr, 

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this per Capt. Herbert’s 1862 (February) newspaper recruiting 
advertisement in The Richmond Enquirer (photo above). 

Carrying on with the same Maryland tradition, we named our modern 
day organization the “Independent Greys”. We are an independent 
campaign oriented group that teaches the public about the Confederate 
Marylanders role in the American Civil War through the means of living 
history. The genesis was in 2014 with the creation of “Company D” 2nd 

Maryland Infantry (1 862-1 865). 
Since then, our group has 
evolved and expanded to include 
an early war 1 st Maryland 
Infantry Regiment impression. 

We also felt the need to create a 
program to teach and motivate 
youth to become interested and 
learn history. With that need, we 
found the means through the 
creation of the “Maryland 
Cadets”. This is a youth history club that participates in battlefield trips, 
camping excursions, and learning by attending our various living history 
events. We have also created a regularly published magazine. Our 
magazine is called the “True Marylander”. We are the first and only 
group in the living history hobby to have produced a publication on this 
level and magnitude. All our magazine editions have evolved from hard 
print to now fully virtual. Yet, another first and major innovation which 
no other group has attempted. We have created two “campaigner” 
versions of our civilian arm; for the ladies we have “The Monument 
Street Girls” and for the men “Plug Uglies”. Both impressions are 



embedded within Maryland’s (Baltimore’s) history. Each of these groups 
were very pro South and played an important role. We feel it is 
important to have the ability to represent the groups previously 
mentioned within the appropriate venues. In a sense, we created a 
modern day “Maryland Line” of history! 

The various branches/impressions (mentioned previously) are mere 
bricks in a sense just like the very bricks used to build a house. They are 
strong and can stand independently on their own, but when put 
together they create something bigger; something that can stand the 
test of time. Bricks need something to hold them into place to solidify 
the structure and keep it from falling over; they need mortar/concrete. 
The creation of the “Independent Greys” organization is just that: it is 
the mortar/concrete that binds the bricks together. Each one of our 
impressions/branches are created on a solid foundation. Our foundation 
consists of research and documentation, morals and values, as well as 
motivation and teamwork. Together, we have created a solid and 
formidable group that you see today! 

If you are looking to join a group that represents Maryland, then look no 
further! We are the best you will find in the hobby! No other Maryland 
group is as well researched or organized than our group! 

Early War, Mid War, Late War, Civilian impressions, and 
even youth programs....we have it covered! If you 
have the heart and the desire to “do it right’...then 
YOU are the type of person we want! 



Are you right for the Independent Greys? 

If you answer yes to one or more of the following, then you are the 
type of person we are looking for to join us! 

• -I like teaching others 

• -I want to do research and make my impression as good as I can make 

• -I think outside the box 

• -I like learning 

• -I want to be a part of a team 

• -I love Maryland history 

• -I want to have fun 

• -I have a low tolerance for mediocrity 

• -I don’t follow the crowd 

• -(if you are in the hobby already) I don’t like the direction the hobby is 



Chapter Two 


In the short time we have been in existence, we have accomplished a 
good deal and met many milestones. It is through our member’s 
enthusiasm and drive that has made our previous years a success! Every 
organization in the hobby should set challenges for themselves and 
strive for success above and beyond the accepted norm. By doing so, 
an organization will begin to stand out and apart from the mainstream 
conglomeration of groups. We are the fastest emerging group in the 
hobby. We embrace a “think outside the box” attitude when it comes to 
every aspect from recruiting to scenarios in the field. So far, it has been 
a huge success! Over the past few years some of our accomplishments 
have been: 

• Creation and expansion of “Company D” 2nd Maryland Infantry 

• 4 successful years doing living history weekends at the Gettysburg 
National Park Service 

• Established an annual canned food drive to help those in need 

• Created an annual Adopt-A-Family for Christmas program to help a 
local family in need 

• Established unit Bylaws and created guidelines for our impression(s) 

• Uncovered and shared mega tonnage of research relevant to 1 st and 
2nd Maryland Infantry. No other Maryland unit has produced any where 
near the research let alone actually shared it publicly. 



• Within 4 years, we have grown from one member to over 30 
members. This is in a time when the hobby norm is seeing declining 

• Successfully set up not one but 4 webpages 

• Expansion of our Social Media presence 

• We surpassed over 1000 “LIKES” on Facebook public group page. 

• We established a quarterly newsletter which turned into an online 
“virtual” magazine, the True Marylander 

• We have done several interviews with famous artists, collectors, and 

• We have launched a “secondary” impression, Co. D 1st Maryland 
Infantry Regiment 

• Created a webpage for Co. D 1st Maryland Infantry Regiment 

• Created a Quartermaster ration issue for events 

• Created 4 individual messes within our Company 

• Established our own liability insurance 

• Formed many partnerships with other groups and organizations 

• We maintain our “independence” from Line Organizations. 

• Two successful years of teaching at local schools 

• Established a branch off Youth organization called the Maryland 

• Created a full webpage for the Maryland Cadets 

• Created a Unit Logo (branding) 



• Creation of the “Monument Street Girls” impression 

• Designed and sold a multitude of Company T Shirts 

• Introduced various innovation techniques utilizing modern technology 
to capture the 1 860s story were are re-creating 

• Found Lt. McCullough’s Diary (from Co.D 2nd Maryland) and 
reproduced the only “digital” copy in the word. It is shared publicly 
now on our website 

• We have built relationships with various park services in 3 states 

• Creation of the “Plug Uglies” impression 

• Creation of the umbrella organization, the Independent Greys 

Chapter Three 

An interview with Jake Duda on the 

Company’s Captain and Commander of the “Greys”, 
Jake Duda started the group on his own. He was 

With every organization, there is a story that goes 
of it’s creation. Our Independent Greys are no 

exception. Starting with the founding of “Company 
D” 2nd Maryland Infantry in 2014, our group 

genesis started with a vision combined with passion 
and motivation of one individual. Now the 



tired of years seeing the living history hobby decline due to various 
issues such as event and organization mismanagement right down to 
the loss of focus on the origins of how the hobby first got started to 
begin with. Jake started in the hobby back in 1 985 when he was 1 5 yrs 
old. "The world was a different place back then”, stated Jake. “People 
embraced history and were eager to learn. The wave of political 
correctness that exists today was non existent then. People accepted 
history for what it was; simply put, it was the actions and stories of our 
past that helped shaped us as a people today.” Jake loved going to a 
local annual Civil War event near his home at a historical house named 
Ballistone Mansion located in Middle River, MD. He wanted to join a 
Confederate unit, but being 1 5 yrs old many groups ignored his interest. 

Not deterred, Jake visited the Union camp and most of the groups 
there also ignored him except for one group. He started talking to a 
bearded man named Art Buker. Art was the Captain of a group named 
“Company C” 2nd United States Sharpshooters. He brought Jake on as 
a bugler until he was old enough to carry a rifle (1 6 yrs old). The rest 
was history and Jake was hooked on a hobby he loved throughout the 
years. “Back then, we were Campaigning before it was cool like it is 
today. Actually, everyone was campaigners as that was the only way as 
it was period correct”, said Jake. “Now, 
a large percentage of the hobby lost 
touch with those roots of purism. Most 
people in the hobby now sleep in big A- 
frame tents and wall tents using 
cots....COTS! It’s just very sad to see 
things to have deteriorated like they 
have over the years”, said Jake. 12 

The hobby has taken a wide left off the road in regards to authenticity 
and research. Unit commanders became concerned with building their 
membership numbers instead of teaching their men or guiding them to 
build their impressions correctly. Now, inaccurate representations are 
common and the norm. The campaigner approach to the hobby is now 
more of a revelation than a practice. To be honest, campaigning 
shouldn’t be a term, but instead should be the simple norm in the 
hobby. Approaching the hobby accurately recreate life from the 1 860s 
should be a united effort and the norm by all...not the exception. Jake 
has seen the hobby over the years rise and then decline. Jake stated 
that in his opinion, the high mark was about the mid 1 990s. Towards 
the end of the 90’s is when the hobby started to decline in quality 
impressions and groups per his observations. During the 1 990s, Jake 
was serving in the United States Marines and would attend events as 
much as possible when he was able to come home to do so. After his 
10 yr service in the Marines, Jake began to spend more time back in the 
hobby. He was member to various groups over the years, both 
Confederate and Union. “I love history”, said Jake, “and I love the 
Confederate impression, especially the Maryland Confederate 
impression. I was born and raised in Maryland. The story of the small 
state during the war was a microcosm of what was taking place across 
the country on a larger scale. Maryland is so rich in history, but sadly 
the Maryland schools do not teach the lineage of the Old Line State”, 
stated Jake. He belonged to several “Maryland” groups over the years. 

“They all suck ass”, said Jake. “It’s sad that most of the Maryland 
groups in current existence do not know the damn history of the unit 
they represent. They do almost zero research on the unit. The end 
product is a shitty inaccurate impression. They celebrate mediocrity like 
it was a holiday. Then when someone starts to present the ol’ 



Praetorian Guard (the self proclaimed hobby experts) with research and 
facts to let them know they can improve their impressions; the old 
guard gets nervous and fear you are trying to take over their unit”, 
laughs Jake. “Who wants to take over the boat and paddle through their 
little shit puddle?” (he smiles) Tired of the clicks, drama, and inaccurate 
approach these units 
take, Jake went on his 
own. “I got tired of the 
freaks and idiots running 
around in this hobby 
thumping their chests 
thinking they are 
something special”, Jake 
said as he shook his head. 

“That’s part of the 
problem. It’s not about 
THEM; It’s about the men 
we represent and the history we teach. I started thinking; I have been 
around the hobby a lot longer than most these idiots. I have done 
extensive research over the years that would make even the veteran 
history author take a double take. I am also capable of leading. I served 
in the real military and lead real military men, unlike most the jackasses 
running around playing General. I figured, what the hell...I could 
definitely do better. If at the very least, I will just have fun and enjoy 
the hobby the way it should be,” said Jake. “Company D” 2nd Maryland 
Infantry (recreated) was born, which later lead to the creation of the 
Independent Greys. 

At the start, Company D 2nd Maryland Infantry was chosen as the unit 
as it was interesting in several ways. One, it was the smallest company 



in 2nd Maryland Infantry. They numbered 54 officers and men at full 
strength. “They had the vibe as being the underdogs when compared to 
the other larger companies. I really liked that! I could identify with that”, 
said Jake. Secondly, the men of the original Company hailed from all 
over Maryland and not just one county. “I really like the fact the men 
came from all corners of Maryland. I feel that is a great company to 
recreate as it represents the Maryland men from all points”. 

Undeterred, Jake 
started attended events 
own his own. He built a 
webpage and started 
uploading and sharing his 
years of research to the 
public. This was a novel 
idea since most of the old 
guard in the hobby “sat 
on their research”. Many 
thought that holding on 
:o research gave them a 
sick sort of power over others; more like the illusion of the all knowing 
master. If they control the information they control the unit. “That 
really pisses me off that these jackasses horde research and artifacts 
instead of sharing. They didn’t make this history; the soldiers who 
fought the war did. Their story and remaining artifacts are an American 
treasure not a source of power for some fat old bearded man who lives 
a mediocre life”, said Jake. “I share every ounce of research I can 
through our webpage and social media pages. I want others to learn and 
share. It’s not my history; It’s our history. I’m merely one of the 
caretakers of it.” Jake’s approach to his impression, which is a combined 



delivery of detailed research and passion, quickly started attracting 
others to the flag of the newly formed group. “I went on my own not 
expecting to form a group. It was more I wanted to do my own thing 
and enjoy the hobby I love. Then it seemed like one day it from just me 
to then boom; I had guys asking me how to join”, said Jake. “I not only 
had people interested in what I was doing, but I had quality people 
wanting to join. When I say quality I mean in the sense that everyone of 
our members that joins our group have heart, passion, and enthusiasm 
which are key ingredients to building an impression. Since 2014 to 
present, we have went from just me to a company that numbers over 
30 men.”. Jake’s vision of a group that mimicked group’s from his first 
days in the hobby in 1985 has picked up steam. 

Company D now stands strong and it’s members all possess the same 
passion and energy as it’s founder. The members come from all over. 
They span across states, including New York, Michigan, Pennsylvania, 
Maryland, and Virginia. Company D has not only grown, but has become 
a leader in regards to trying new innovations and 
integrating modern technology to reach the youth of 
our Country. “We are competing with PlayStations 
and Cell phones to get the attention of the younger 
crowd”, says Jake, “the younger generation doesn't 
rnt to come to an event and get bored to death by 
some fat old bearded re-enactor snootily boring them to death with 
orations and speeches standing over their table display in front of an A 
frame tent. You have to reach out and grab their attention with shock 
and awe. Once you got their attention, you can bring them to your 
time period. You know what? Magically, that concept works.” Company 
D has also become innovation leaders in regards to their Magazine 
publication, TRUE MARYLANDER. The Magazine started out as a 




periodic newsletter. The publication evolved in two short years by the 
efforts and ability of it’s editor, Jordan Schatz. “Every member in the 
Independent Greys brings something to the table. We have members 
who have skill with the written word, we have men with producing talent 
and video skill, we have men who even have culinary talent. We have a 
great mix of experience levels. We have hobby veterans and we have 
members who are new to the hobby. In a time when units and 
organizations are losing people; we are gaining and recruiting strong. 
Every one of our members contribute. Everyone of members have the 
same passion and dedication to recreating life of a Confederate solider 
from Maryland accurately.” Company D may have started with one man, 
but it quickly evolved into so much more. It is far greater than one man 
now. “Company D 2nd Maryland evolved into the creation of Company D 
1 st Maryland Infantry Regiment impression. This impression was created 
as a secondary impression for our guys who wanted to participate in 
early war events. We also created the Monument Street Girls as an 
impression for the ladies. Then we launched our Maryland Cadets 
program for the youth. As our group grew and evolved, we needed 
something that gelled all our efforts into unison as one!” The 
Independent Greys was created. “I never liked the shit some of the 
umbrella organizations was shoveling”, stated Jake. “I could not see any 
umbrella organizations we truly fit in with. All the mainstream orgs suck 
ass and although the Campaigner orgs are great, they want members to 
conform to whatever impression they chose to do at an event. That is 
not conducive to what we are building. We feel our identity and 
impressions will get lost in the shuffle. Our members want to represent 
Maryland troops and Maryland troops only. The solution to our needs 
was to simply create an Umbrella Organization ourselves.” The 
Independent Greys was created! “Why not do what we do best? We 



ignore the rules of the hobby norm and just write our own’s 
that simple”. The Independent Greys is truly a team effort and they 
have grown together! The Independent Greys stands proudly 
independent from any group or organization as a nation unto it’s own. 

“We are here to stay. Maybe just maybe our vision and enthusiasm will 
be carried to other units/orgs and that will help jump start the hobby 
again to get back to it’s purism roots. We are not trying to add to the 
hobby; we are starting a damn revolution to transform it!”, says Jake, 
“the current way that is the accepted norm is not working. The 
methods being applied suck. It’s time to re-evaluate and adjust or get 
the hell out of the way”. Jake closed the interview by saying “I’m 
honored to be a part of such a elite group. I am blessed to call them 
each my friend.” The Independent Greys is always actively recruiting like 
minded people. If you are ready, Join the Charge! Join the Independent 
Greys today! 

Chapter Four 

How To Get Started 

Where to begin with joining the 
“Independent Greys” 

I know getting involved in this hobby for the first time can be stressful. 
For those already in the hobby, joining a new group can be just as 
stressful. In “Independent Greys”, we take the worry out of the process. 
We have everything streamlined so you can be easily guided from the 
time you join, through the process of obtaining the uniform/gear we 



require, to hitting the field with us. Once you chose to join our 
organization, you will be welcomed right from the start. Many groups 
leave new members “to the wolves” as they try to obtain their uniform 
and gear. There is no real guidance by many groups in that department 
which could result in those new members buying the wrong items 
needed or spending way too much of their hard earned money. Many 
other groups have internal clicks and tend to be unwelcoming to new 
members. We avoid those problems as we integrate new members 
directly into our organization. We personal work with the new member 
right from the starting gate. There are no clicks in The Greys as there 
is no room for them. There is only one click and that is the 
“Independent Grey” click. Once you join, you are a full member from 
the start and a respected part of our organization. We do have an initial 
vetting process and reserve the “first right of refusal” along with 
“dismissal rights” should an individual warrants such actions. We are 
looking for a certain quality and character with 
prospective new members. If you answered yes to 
any or all of the questions asked in Chapter 1, odds 
are you are that type of member. To join the 
“Independent Greys”, it is as simple as “1-2-3”! 





Contact Us 

If you are interested in joining our 
group, the very first thing you 
need to do is contact us. Click the 
link above that has our email address. Once we receive your email, we 
will send you an online membership form to fill out and guide you from 

The second action you will take is 
that you will need to read our 
organization’s bylaws. We want 
you to be familiar with our policies 
and get a sense of how we do things in the Independent Greys. 
Depending on which “Division” you want to join; there are specific 
guidelines for each one. We have uniform regulations for our military 
impressions which are all derived and supported by research. Our main 
focus is “Company D 2nd Maryland Infantry”. We ask that all new 
members kit out for that impression. As mentioned previously, we have 
a secondary impression which is “Company D 1 st Maryland Infantry 
Regiment”. This is strictly a voluntary impression for those interested in 


f \ 




doing it. Having this secondary impression opens doors to our 
organization to be able to participate in early war events. If you are 
joining us as a civilian impression, there are one of two groups you can 
join. For the ladies, there is the Monument Street Girls and for the men 
there is the Plug Uglies. There are pertinent guidelines for each 
impression. Regardless if you choose to join us as military or civilian, we 
will guide you with every step as you are a valued member! 


Our dues are simple and very affordable. 
We require everyone to pay (currently) 
$10 a person per year. This money 
covers our group’s Liability Insurance 

which is required by most event venues. We have premium insurance 
which surpasses event minimum insurance requirements. That is it. No 
hidden dues or “Company Funds” or “Organization Dues”. We already 
own our assets (flags, extra gear, rifles, and uniforms). The 
Organization Commander takes care of website hosting and advertising. 
There is no need to hold a Company reserve cash fund. I will point out, 
though; some events do have a registration fees (usually $10). If that is 
the case, we identify the event has a registration fee and each 
individual is required to send the event that fee if they want to 
participate. Most of our event venue is free though. We also offer mess 
rations for certain events. This is strictly optional. Most of the times it 
is a nominal $10 per individual which covers the rations for the whole 
weekend. Once we welcome you to our organization, dues are to be 



paid upon 10 days prior to your first event and then every year after 
that by January 1st. You can either pay by (in person) cash, check, or 
electronically using PayPal. That is it! The 3 initial steps to 

Chapter Five 


The Independent Greys, as stated above, has Bylaws which outline the 
structure of our organization. We also have “Rules” as well. We are not 
one’s to brow beat members with policies and rules endlessly. That 
simply sucks the fun out of things. It is, however, important to mention 
our rules from the start as to deter and/or weed out any potential 
troublemakers from seeking membership in our organization. Our rules 
are simple and actually common sense. If you can adhere to the house 
rules of most Pubs and Taverns (meaning we modeled our rules similar 
to them as they are common sense), you will have no problems in our 

Our Common Sense Code of Conduct: 

• Have fun 

• No politics or religious rants. (We all have different views. Our 
camp is not a soap box for you) 

• No cursing around spectators and/or around women and children 



• If you need to smoke a modern cigarette; then go outside (outside 
the camp) 

• No drama (we have a zero tolerance for drama) 

• Pay your tab (pay our annual insurance dues and rations if you 
order them) 

• Be hospitable (don’t be a dick) 

• Respect the person sitting next to you (look out for each other) 

• No thievery or lying (zero tolerance) 

• Don’t be obnoxious 

• Respect the management (means the leadership) 

Chapter Six 


Whatever impression you chose, 
military or civilian, we have 
“impression guidelines” that are set 
in place. The guidelines are specific 

for each impression as to assure you are obtaining the correct items 
that are historically correct and conducive to our overall appearance. 
There is no deviation so please ask fellow members any questions you 
may have prior to purchasing you kit. We are here to help you as a new 



member! To get totally outfitted for the 
impression of “Company D” 2nd Maryland 
Infantry, it will cost you anywhere from $2,000 
to $2,300 from head to toe (including rifle and 
gear). Before you get sticker shock, remember 
this is a hobby just like boating, hunting, or 
racing is a hobby. In comparison to the hobbies 
mentioned, this is by far cheaper. View it as an 
investment. The items you get will last many 
years into the future as long as you properly 
take care of those items. The main expense is 
your rifle. They run between $900-$ 1 200 new. The good news is, you 
can reduce some of your initial costs by shopping around for good 
quality used items. You can pick up a good used rifle for between $400- 
$600. Please refer to the “Impression Guidelines” link mentioned above 
as there are guidelines regarding rifle also. 

The next main expense is the uniform 
(kepi, jacket, and trousers). The full 
uniform runs around $530. Currently, 
we have been ordering our uniforms 
through Bristol Hollow. They have the 
correct color wool and does great quality work. Unfortunately, quality 
items take time to make at times. Currently, it is a 4-6 month turn-a¬ 
round period from the time you order to time you receive your 
uniforms. There is a specific way they want measurements too. I have 
taken the time to make this process easy and as painless as possible. I 
have made a section on the Co.D 2nd Maryland Infantry webpage that 
talks you through the order process (what to order, what color and 
material, and how to measure yourself). I have a similar section on Co.D 
1 st Maryland’s webpage regarding how to order that specific uniform. 

f \ 





Once you are ready to start 
acquiring your kit (uniform, gear, 
and rifle), please feel free to let us 
know and an Org. member will be 
more than happy to discuss and/or 

meet you in Gettysburg to show you several sutlers (vendors) that sell 
the items you will need. All of what we do has been researched and 
documented right down to the uniforms and gear. Again, please read 
and adhere to our uniform regulations (via link mentioned previously). 
Please DO NOT deviate from what we are telling you to buy. Our 
organization has a certain uniform criteria. We also only buy 
“campaigner quality” which is hobby slang word meaning uniforms and 
gear that has been researched and reproduced historically correct. Just 
because a sutler sells it does not mean it 
is period correct for the hobby, let alone 
our 1st or 2nd Maryland impressions (and 
civilian too). I know this sounds 
repetitive, but please contact us prior to 
making purchases or if you have 
questions at any time. We are here to 
help you get the right items for what we 
need. You are investing your hard earned 
money as you build your kit, which we 
realize. We want to assure that you get 



the right items. We look at several factors when picking a sutler to do 
business with. Sutlers we deal with are 1) Ethical business. 2) Quality 
items. 3) Historically researched items. 4) correct items for our 
Maryland impression(s) 5) price (remember though, you pay a bit more 
for quality, but quality items are correct as well as last longer). 

Chapter Six 

1 st Maryland 
Infantry Regiment 

www. 1 

Our established “secondary” military 
impression is Company D 1 st 
Maryland Infantry Regiment. Doing so 
allows us to expand our event venue to now include early war events 
from 1861-1 862. This impression is strictly voluntary for our members. 
The added impression to our over all group allows us more flexibility and 
versatility. We have done just as much research on this impression as 
we did with our 2nd Maryland Infantry impression. We created an 
independent webpage strictly for 1 st Maryland as we feel this 
impression and unit history deserves it own place on the web! 



1 st Maryland Regiment History Overview 

After the Baltimore Riots, Abraham Lincoln declared martial law in 
Maryland and sent Federal Troops to occupy the state. Thousands of 
“Pro South” Marylanders headed to Virginia to enlist in various units in 
the Confederate Army. Even though Maryland never seceded, some 
wanted to form their own unit as they felt it was necessary to have the 
state represented within the Army. The 1 st Maryland Infantry Regiment 
started to form shortly after the War Between the States began in 
April of 1 861. It was officially formed (mustered) on June 1 6, 1 861. 
The regiment was made up of volunteers from Maryland who many 
served pre-war in Maryland State Militias. The regiment saw action at 
the First Manassas, Gen. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Valley Campaign, and in 
the Peninsular Campaign (Seven Days Battles). It was mustered out of 
service in August 1862, as the members initial 1 year service expired. 
Knowing that they were unable to return to Union-occupied Maryland, 
some of the men re-enlisted in various Maryland Artillery or Cavalry 
units that were in service. Those men that were left went on to become 
the nucleus of a new Maryland Infantry unit being formed, the 1 st 
Maryland Infantry Battalion (later re-named the 2nd Maryland Infantry). 



Chapter Seven 

2nd Maryland 

Our established “primary” military 
impression is Company D 2nd 
Maryland Infantry. This impression 
covers the span of 1 862-1 865. This impression is mandatory for all 
members doing military. We have done extensive research on 2nd 
Maryland Infantry. You will find no other group with better 
documentation and research than what we have put together! We have 
available original diaries, images, reference books, and original items! We 
offer the most comprehensive and articulated approach of recreating 
this impression you will find amongst any other Maryland unit in 
existence today! We are truly in a league of our own! 

Unit History Overview 

The 2nd Maryland Infantry was mustered into service in September of 
1 862. Initially, the unit was designated as the 1st Maryland Infantry 
Battalion.The 1 st Battalion was formed around the survivors of the 1 st 
Maryland Infantry Regiment which saw service from the summer of 
1 861 until the summer of 1 862. The 1 st MD Reg. disbanded after their 
one year enlistment was at an end. Some members reenlisted in the 
cavalry and others in the artillery, but a few officers and men stayed in 
Richmond to recruit Marylanders who had run the Union blockade. They 
were successful in recruiting five full companies by September 1 862 



and soon left Richmond for the Shenandoah 
Valley. The five companies arrived at 
Winchester and formed a sixth company with 
the extra men from between the existing 
companies. At this time the men elected 
officers for the battalion. The officers elected 
were as follows: Capt. William Murray (Co. A), 
Capt. J.P. Crane (Co. B), Capt. James R. 
Herbert (Co. C), Capt. Joseph McAleer (Co. 
D)., Capt. John Torsch (Co. E), and Capt. Fred 
Gwynn (Co. F). The new battalion was soon 
joined by Capt. William Goldsborough with a 
new company that he raised on the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland. The new company was designated as Company G. 
With only 7 companies, they fell short of forming a whole Regiment (10 
Companies total). The unit was officially the 1st Maryland Infantry 
Battalion. The battalion was renamed as 2nd Maryland Infantry in 
October of 1863. This was to avoid confusion with being mistaken for 
the 1 st Maryland Infantry Regiment. 

On September 28th, the battalion was officially mustered into the 
Confederate States Army and elections were held for battalion officers. 
The first ballot went to Bradley Johnson for Lt. Colonel, but since he 
was on assignment in Richmond, he declined the office. He suggested 
that since Capt. Herbert did most of the work in recruiting the new unit 
he should lead it. The battalion agreed and made Capt.Herbert the Lt. 
Colonel. Capt. Goldsborough was elected to Major. Their former 
company’s command was taken over by Lt. Duvall (Co.C) and Lt. 
Stewart (Co.G). 

The 2nd Maryland Infantry, under the command of Gen. William 
“Grumble” Jones, participated in the several operations in the 
Shenandoah Valley during the winter of 1 862. The Battalion’s first 
action was a raid on the B & 0 Railroad in the Spring of 1 863. In June 
1 863, Gen. Robert E. Lee started his campaign offensive to head North. 
Gen. Lee needed to clear his flank and route of supplies. He sent Gen. 



Richard Ewell and his 2nd Corps to the Valley to take on Union Gen. 
Milroy's army. During this action, the 2nd Maryland Infantry was 
engaged in 2nd battle for Winchester. After the battle, the 2nd 
Maryland was assigned to Gen. George H. Steuart’s Brigade in 
Gen.Edward Allegheny Johnson's Division of Ewell's 2nd Corps. They 
headed north and joined with Lee's army at Gettysburg on the evening 
of July 1 st. Steuart’s Brigade slept under arms on the property of the 
Lady Farm, just west of Rock Creek. On July 2nd, the brigade attacked 
the east end of Culp's Hill and was successful in carrying the lower 
Union breastworks. As they pressed up the hill, the 2nd Maryland met 
some heavy resistance. During this time Col. Herbert was severely 
wounded as he was hit by three separate shots. After spending the 
night in their captured trenches, the brigade formed up the next day 
(July 3rd) at a right angle to their previous position and tried to sweep 
the Union troops off the top of Culp's Hill (the charge on Pardee field). 
The Union lines had been reinforced the night prior and repulsed this 
attack. Maj. Goldsborough was wounded and Capt. Murray (Co. A) was 
killed. The command of the battalion went to Capt. Crane (Co. B), who 
was the next senior rank. That evening the brigade withdrew to the east 
bank of Rock Creek. The Marylanders Lost 48% of their force either 
killed and wounded during the battle. 

In October of 1 863, the 2nd Maryland Infantry was ordered to report to 
(then) Col. Bradley T. Johnson (a Marylander) at Hanover Junction, Va. 

In an effort to consolidate all Confederate Maryland troops together, 
Johnson had permission from the War Department to bring the 2nd MD 
Infantry, the 1 st and 2nd MD Cavalry, and the 1 st, 2nd, & 4th MD 
Artillery all together as an independent Maryland organization. This 
newly formed organization was called “The Maryland Line”. 

During the Battle of Cold Harbor in June 1 864, the 2nd Maryland was 
held in reserve. As Union Gen.Hancock’s assault broke the first line of 
Confederates, the 2nd Maryland Infantry without orders charged 
forward with bayonets to recapture their own line lost to the advancing 
Union forces. The Marylanders even turned some of the cannon on the 
retreating Federals. The 2nd Maryland was commended for their 



gallantry in this action and Gen. Lee credited them with saving 
Richmond. After the battle, the 2nd Maryland Infantry was attached to 
Archers Brigade under Gen. Archer (a Marylander). 2nd Maryland served 
in this brigade until the end of the war. 2nd Maryland participated in the 
fighting at Weldon Railroad in August 1 864 which resulted in heavy 
casualties, including Capt. Crane. Command of 2nd Maryland was now 
given to Capt. Duvall of Co. C. At Peebles Farm, the Marylanders were 
heavily engaged again resulting in 30% casualties including Capt. Duvall 
(wounded). This action left only six officers still in service for 2nd 
Maryland. Capt. McAleer (Co D) took command. The Marylanders fought 
at the Battle of Squirrel Level Road with a fighting force with only 100 
men left in it’s ranks. Due to some internal disputes amongst the 
officers left in 2nd Maryland, Capt. McAleer resigned and requested 
transfer to another post. Command of 2nd Maryland fell to Capt. Torsch 
(Company E). At Hatcher’s Run during the Spring of 1 865, the 2nd 
Maryland Infantry (along with the rest of the Confederate line) was 
overrun. This Union offensive across the Confederate lines was later 
known as the "Petersburg Breakthrough.” This action forced General 
Lee to withdrawal from Petersburg and take what was left of his army 
west to regroup. Outnumbered and further bloodshed was pointless, 
Gen. Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox, Va. 
At surrender, 2nd Maryland Infantry had only 59 men left. Most of the 
companies were commanded by Sergeants and Corporals. Company A 
had the most men present (1 2) and Company H, the lease (1). Note: 
Company D had 4 men left. 

Chapter Eight 

Maryland Cadets 

The Maryland Cadets is the youth arm 
of our organization. In the spirit of 
being stewards to our youth, our 



group has created a section to get youth (boys and girls) ages 9-16yrs 
of age interested in history and gain hands on experience in the field 
with living history. Most groups, including ours, do not allow anyone 
under 16 to take the field in reenactments for safety and liability 
reasons. Our group, many who are parents themselves, have 
brainstormed a way to get youth involved in learning more about history 
pertaining to The War Between the States. We have came up with a 
solution which was found from history. In Baltimore from 1 843-1861, 
there was an organization called “The Maryland Cadets”. It was a 
Baltimore Militia unit comprising of young Marylanders. The concepts of 
education, motivation, and preservation drive our work as Maryland 

To begin, our work is to remember our nation’s history as accurately as 
possible by researching, reading, and investigating primary sources. 
Maryland’s unique role in the Civil War is an important focus of our 






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Secondly, our work as students of 
history is to find motivation in 
the actions of our ancestors. 
Motivation to save the past for 
the future. Motivation to help our 
fellow man. Motivation to make 
this world a better place for 

Most importantly, our work is to 
preserve the gems of history for 
all to see, remember, enjoy, and learn about. From primary documents 
such as letters, photographs, and journals to original artifacts to 
battlefields and monuments our work is to save, share, and teach. 

Our work will reveal to the Maryland Cadets the influence history has on 
our daily lives and the importance of learning from history and 
preserving it for ourselves and future generations. 

m rv 



Chapter Nine 

Plug Uglies & Monument 
Street Girls 

Plug Uglies 


This is our organization’s civilian 
impression for men. The Plug 
Uglies were a strong and dominant 

street gang in Baltimore during 1861. The Uglies controlled Baltimore 
and it’s city elections during the 1 850s through fear and violence. On 
April 19, 1 861, the Plug Uglies were center stage as they fired the first 
shot at the 6th Mass. Regt. as they marched down Pratt Street thus 
starting what was known as the Baltimore Riot. This skirmish resulted in 
the first bloodshed of the American Civil War. This is the most recent 
addition to the Independent Grey’s impression portfolio. 

Monument Street Girls 


The Monument Street Girls: This is 
our organization’s impression for 
women. The Monument Street 

Girls was a Baltimore high social class of Ladies who was very pro South. 
The ladies were defiant to the Federal Troops occupying Baltimore in 



1861. They secretly made flags and procured supplies for the Maryland 
men serving in the Confederate Army. Some ladies even acted as spies 
for the South! Examples of Famous Monument Street Girls are Hetty 
Carey and Euphema Goldsborough. This is a great opportunity for the 
ladies to get involved! 

Chapter Ten 

True Marylander Magazine 

This is our organization’s online 
virtual Magazine! This publication 
initially started out as a 
newsletter but quickly evolved 

into a first rate magazine with both esthetics and design. Our magazine 
is a quarterly publication. Our articles range from our current research 
to interviews with famous authors, historians, and artists. We are always 
looking more writers! This division can offer an opportunity to be active 
in our group for those who are elders or those with disabilities which 
would prevent them from participating actively in the field. If you have 
the ability to research and have a creative mind, you can be a valued 
member of the Independent Greys! 



Chapter Eleven 

Social Media 

We have a very strong social 
media presence in most 
every major outlet. It is 
important to stay in touch with the public for both name recognition 
and recruiting. Check out link above to view our major social media 

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